.. doesn’t.1) Gatsby is gullible for beliving Daisy when she tells him she loved him, when it is clear to both the reader and nick that her only concern is money and wealth. When she tells him that she loved Tom too, the words seemed to bite physically into Gatsby.2) This shows the romantic idealized views of Gatsby. Hemingway and The Sun Also Rises Like Fitzgerald’s, The Great Gatsby, The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway contains autobiographical features that illuminate the work and add to the meaning of the novel. However, the plot behind The Sun Also Rises is more exactly based on actual events in Hemingway’s life than The Great Gatsby was to Fitzgerald’s life.
Indeed, the entire plot of The Sun Also Rises is based on an actual trip of Ernest Hemingway to Pamplona, Spain. The parallels between his actual visit and the story are unmistakable. Like Fitzgerald, Hemingway also makes use of a non-judgemental narrator, named Jake Barnes. Using this narrator, Hemingway is able to in essence tell the story as a vicarious experience of Hemingway’s own trip to Spain. Hemingway’s first attempt at the novel started well but quickly disintegrated.
This version started in Madrid with a scene in the Hotel Montoya. He decided to start with Paris and to provide biographical backgrounds for Brett Ashley, Mike Campbell, and Robert Cohn.1) These were to be based on what he knew of the recent histories of Duff Twysden, Pat Guthrie, and Harold Loeb respectively. Besides being based on real people and their fiesta in Pamplona, The Sun Also Rises also contains scenes on the Irati River. Perhaps, in his novel Hemingway portrayed the vacation on the Irati River as how he wanted to experience it. But in reality, during a trip to the Irati River, prior to taking those above named to Pamplona, The dark stream of the Irati was filled with logger’s trash2)and Hemingway and his friend Bill Smith were unable to catch a single fish after four days of trying. Ernest said, Fish killed, pools destroyed, dams broken down.
Made me feel sick.3) The Irati River portreyed in The Sun Also Rises was completely different. Beyond the fields we crossed another faster-flowing stream. A sandy road led down to the ford and beyond into the woods. The path crossed the stream on another foot-log below the ford, and joined the road.. In the white water at the foot of the dam it was deep.
As I baited up, a trout shot up out of the white water into the falls and was carried down. Before I could finish baiting, another trout jumped at the falls, making the same lovely arc and disapearing into the water that was thundering down.4) Another scene in The Sun Also Rises is the scene at the Hotel Montoya run by a Mr. Juanito Montoya. His hotel is where the bull-fighters stay and Montoya is describes as an aficianado with photographs all over his room: The photographs of bull-fighters Montoya had really believed in were framed. Photographs of bull-fighters who had been without aficion Montoya kept in a drawer of his desk.. One day Montoya took them all out and dropped them in the waste-basket.1) This shows how Juanito Montoya was an aficianado who believed in the real old-style bullfighters.
During Hemingway’s third trip to Pamplona his company would stay at Juanito Quinata’s Hotel Quinatana. Juanito [Quinatana] was a veteran aficionado and matadors often stayed there.2) The similarities in name are unmistakable and the character in the novel is a veteran aficianado as well. Pedro Romero was developed as one of the main characters in The Sun Also Rises. Interestingly, Pedro was named after the famous eighteenth-century matador Pedro Romero.3) The Pedro from the novel fights in the old manner just as the real Pedro Romero would. His character however, was not based on the real Pedro, but instead a nineteen-year-old matador named Cayetano Ordonez, described as being slim and straight as an arrow.4) More importantly Ordonez, like both the Pedro from the novel and the real Pedro Romero, fought in the old manner and on several bulls he killed ‘recibiendo’ and was hailed as the Messiah who had come to save bullfighting.5) Pedro Romero was an important symbol of hope in the novel. Ordonez, thinly disquized as Pedro Romero, was beginning to dominate the book6) Another important character in the book, Brett, was based on a real life participant in Hemingway’s Pamplona, Duff Twysden. Brett and Robert Cohn go on a trip together where they romanced together unknown to anyone else. Similarly, Harold Loeb (Robert Cohn) told Ernest that he wanted to relax by the sea at St. Jean-de-Luz before joining the others at Burgette. What he did not reveal was that he had persuaded Duff Twysden to spend a week with him in consummation of their romance.1) He didn’t tell Ernest because he was afraid that Ernest might be jealous of learning that Harold had spent a week with Duff.
Brett is similar physically to Duff as well. Like Brett, she wore a man’s felt hat.2) The scene where Brett recieved the bull’s ear from Pedro actually happened, just not to her parallel Duff Twysden. Ordonez gave the ear to Hemingway’s wife Hadley. She wraped it up in a handkerchief of Don Stewart’s, and stored it in a bureau drawer at the pension. As it gradually ripened in the heat of July, Ernest argued that she must either throw it away or cut it up to send in letters to her friends in St.
Louis.3) This same event happens in the novel to Brett, who is picked from the crowd by Pedro and presented with the ear as a prize. Similarly as his counterpart Robert Cohn in the novel, Harold Loeb was treated as an outcast due to his relationship with Duff and his constant following her around. In the novel, Mike constantly brandishes Robert with remarks about how he is not wanted and how can he not see that. In Hemingway’s actual trip, Harold Loeb and Duff slipped away for a drink in one of the small cafes and ended up in a Spanish clubroom where she refused to leave and Harold was forced to leave alone. The next day over the brandy that night, Guthrie [Mike] suddenly told Harold to get out: he was not wanted.4) Ernest also exploded on him, You lousy bastard, running to a woman. Even while in Spain, Ernest Hemingway began writing The Sun Also Rises, at that time entitled, Fiesta.5) Originally the story was started in Pamplona at the Hotel Montoya, where the characters Jake Barnes and Bill meet Pedro Romero. Later, Hemingway changed the introduction to a start with Paris to provide biographical backgrounds for Brett Ashley, Mike Campbell, and Robert Cohn.1) There is no mistaking that the novel was based on Ernest’s third trip to Pamplona with a company of his friends and his wife.
Conclusion By providing biographical information in their novels The Great Gatsby and The Sun Also Rises, both F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway are able to enhance the meaning of their work and provide extra credibility and realism into their plot. Fitzzgerald takes a rejection from his life and uses that idea to expand off from to write a social commentary on the corruption of the American Dream by the old-rich of the Eastern United States. Hemingway takes actual events from his life and used that as a basis for the plot of his novel. This enhanced the theme by describing the effect of World War I on Hemingway’s generation.