A Doll House

.. he will use Nora to influence Torvald to promote him to second-in-command who actually runs the bank. When he does not get his promotion but rather a dismissal, out of anger and revenge sends a letter to Torvald explaining Noras forgery and lies. Krogstads turning point comes when his old flame, Christine, comes to him to reconciliate. She wants someone to love and someone to take care of and Krogstad fits the description. She explains that she had to jilt him not because she did not love him but to marry someone with enough money to support her family.

Krogstad confesses that her rejection was the beginning of his downfall. Krogstad is hesitant at first to trust her love but Christines suave words about two shipwrecked people joining forces having a better chance than each on their own and the fact that she could live with him even knowing his past history made up his mind to trust her love (Ibsen 56). When Christine pledges her love to Krogstad, that love gives him the strength to turn over a new leaf over and really want to rehabilitate himself. Christine changes Krogstad because she was the only one who has ever loved and cared for him. Due to this quickly, blossoming love, Krogstad realizes that the most important things in life are not money and respectability but rather love and trust. This realization helps him to understand that blackmailing Nora was wrong.

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He wants to relieve Noras fear and make everything right in their marriage. Christine who has seen Noras struggle tells Krogstad that the letter must be read. She believes that the truth must come out so they can have a complete understanding between them. Nora and Torvalds marriage seems like the perfect marriage to everyone including Nora and Torvald. What no one saw is the facade Torvald is living in including Nora. Torvald had just been made manager of the bank, a position that holds prestige and includes a bigger salary.

Now that he is in the spotlight he wanted a perfect home life. He believes that Nora should not work but stay home and raise the children. He also believes that a wife should obey her husband and not argue with his decisions. In effect he transfers Nora into his own poppet to maneuver. Once married, the women find they have a clearly defined and essentially subordinate role in relation to their men, whose property they legally and socially become (Thomas 177).

Calling Nora names such as little skylark and spendthrift indicate that Torvald sees Nora on a level below him (Ibsen 6). To him Nora is not equal to him for she is a woman and does not have the intelligence or competence to think as well as a man. When Nora wants something from him, she flatters and manipulates instead of asking directly, as an equal. Concealing her competence and strength, Nora makes every effort to appear the twittering lark Torvald believes and wants her to be (Rogers). Torvald treats Nora like a child because that is how he manipulates her into thinking that she is an inferior creature who needs a strong man to lean on. She tries very hard to please her husband because that is all she knows how to do. She can wheedle and cajole but can never speak to him frankly and has therefore had to take a number of serious decisions on her past life in secret and entirely on her own (Thomas 2).

When Torvald talks to Nora he talks about silly things; he never converses about anything serious because he thinks she lacks the intelligence. Nora amuses Torvald when she brings up scientific investigations with Dr. Rank. He laughs and says Just listen- little Nora talking about scientific investigations! (Ibsen 56) Nora real purpose to Torvald is that of a doll-wife. Torvald needs Nora to act every inch the lady.

He wants everyone to be jealous of his wife and home life. He wants to control her every action and thought. Nora herself is trying to keep from being reduced. She wants to curse like a man, sign loans, have male friends, and enjoy some personal power, not because she wants to be a man but because she wants to express herself more than society allows (Deer 89). Torvald has Nora perfect the Tarantella before the ball because he wants her to leave a spellbinding effect on everyone at the dance.

His wish is for everyone to admire her beauty and perfection and in effect be jealous of him. After the dance he whisks her away suddenly because as he states Do you think I was going too let her remain there after that, and spoil the effect? (Ibsen 53) Torvald did not really know Nora or even really care to know her, all her needed and wanted was someone to be molded into a perfect doll. As Nora secret is revealed, Torvald is angered at her lies and deception to him. He does not give her time to explain but merely converts her from being his little skylark to criminal and hypocrite. When he finally learns of Noras forged note, he acts true to form.

This sort of thing Nora expected. She accepts it calmly and is even resigned to committing suicide by jumping into the river. But almost immediately Helmers facade crumbles. It turns out that he is more interested with his own career than with Noras moral character (Hornby 95). As Nora tries to explain that she did it for love, Torvald is quickly thinking up a plan on how to save his reputation.

He decides that Nora may stay in the house but may not raise the children. He thinks her lies and deception will poison the children. Nora discovers how limited her romantic role-playing has been, how it was not only imposed on her by society, but willingly accepted by her (Deer 2). She begins to realize that she must find out who she really is before she can be a wife and mother. Just as soon as Torvald begins to calm down, he receives the returned bond from Krogstad. He is ecstatic and yells I am saved! (Ibsen 67). Suddenly everything in Torvalds eyes is alright again. To him they can go back to the way their marriage was before.

He forgives Nora and tells her that he now understands that she did it out of love for him. Nora on the other hand has finally come to the end of her straw. To her Torvald proved to be not a courtly hero, but a frightened and mean-spirited little man who is more worried about his reputation than his wife (Thomas 2). When Torvald reveals the note, Nora wanted him to take the blame on himself and protect her to prove his love for her. Torvalds rejection of Nora when he read Krogstads first letter closes off their relationship. In effect he dismissed her from the human race, since he denies her the only roles permitted her those of wife and mother, thus ironically pushing her toward finding new ways to relate to society.

When moments he later receives Krogstads second letter and restores her to her status as delicate possession she recognizes the he is once again trying to cut off her change to grow and become involved in the world (Hornby 100). In effect Torvald alienates Nora into leaving her home and her family. The ways in which Torvald, Christine and Krogstad perceive her all had a direct effect on Noras leaving Torvald. Christine at first thought Nora to be childish but then realizes it was just an act she played to fit in Torvalds facade. She learns that even though Nora always had someone to take care of her she has had to struggle internally with who she really is and how she acts. Krogstad along with Torvald both use and manipulate Nora for their own advantages.

Both cared nothing about her thoughts or feelings. Throughout the play Nora begins to realize that she no longer wants to play Torvalds role anymore. Torvalds failure to take the blame on himself is when Nora finally realizes she must find herself because she can not continue to live in the facade world that Torvald put her in. Book Reports.