Animal Rights

Animal Rights It is possible to commit an immoral act against a non-human animals. In order to commit an immoral act against a non-human animal, one must define the word morality. According to the definition it means conformity to the rules of right conduct,. On the other hand immorality means wickedness or evil (random house dictionary). So in reflection a wicked or an evil act against an animal is an immoral act also.

I believe that it is possible to commit an immoral act against an animal because they are creatures just like us. They feel pain and emotions just like us humans. When someone violates our rights, we get hurt which often results in some kind of action. But animals are helpless, they can’t take any action because they are less intelligent then humans. However I do believe that humans are the supreme beings on this planet and that we are on the highest evolutionary scale, but still that does not give us the right to commit wrong acts to the animals. Some of the wrong or immoral acts that I strongly oppose to are animal experimentation, entertainment involving animals, hunting and finally habitat destruction. Animal experimentation is unethical due to the suffering and death on animals in the laboratory and that they have a right to be free from such exploitation. Vivisection is the practice of experimenting on animals which started due to the religious prohibitions on human dissection.

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When religious leaders finally lifted these prohibitions, it was too late, vivisection was already entrenched in medical and educational institutions (internet). The author of the article on animal experimentation is unethical also opposes vivisection because he believes that is morally wrong, cruel & fruitless. He also believes that they are characterized by scientific limitations, the most important of all the difficulty of transferring results to human beings with any degree of reliability (Bender 55). There are many reasons to oppose vivisection for example the enormous physiological variations among rats, rabbits, dogs, pigs, and human beings. An experiment in 1989 was performed to determine the carcinogenicity of fluoride proved this fact (internet).

Approximately 520 rats and 520 mice were given daily doses of the mineral for 2 years. Not one mouse was adversely affected by the fluoride, but the rats experienced health problems . As test data cannot be accurately transferred from a mouse to a rat, it cannot be argued that data transferred from either species to a human (internet). Some other reasons to oppose vivisection is the deliberate infliction of burns on animals, and research in psychology. In a study, guinea pigs were for 3 seconds in 100 degrees Celsius water (Bender 56). How would you feel if somebody immersed you for 1 second in hot boiling water? Would you feel any pain? In psychology research, countless animals have been surgically dismembered, drugged, starved, fatigued, frozen, electrically shocked, infected, cross-bred, maddened, and killed in the belief that their behavior would shed light on human behavior (Bender 57).

These things mentioned are morally wrong because they are evil in nature. As evil in nature as animal experimentation sounds, so is the entertainment business involving animals. I believe that animal circus is perhaps the most cruelest entertainment of all because the way animals are treated. I don’t understand what kind of charm or fun people get out of watching animals do humanly acts. Why do we want animals to be more like us when they are perfectly fine being themselves? When we watch the circus, we only see what goes on in front of us, but what goes behind the scenes is a completely different story.

Some animals are beaten to perform better, they are chained to iron poles so they won’t run away. These animals are wild, and they need their space, and if they don’t get their space, these animals react in a negative way. We often see on T.V. elephants running on the streets if kept under confinement because animals like elephants do have emotional feelings. Elephants also mourn for the dead and are observed to be around the dead for several days which proves that elephants have emotion. Other entertainment involving animals are also immoral such as bull fighting, hound racing and cock fights because it is unnecessary and causes much blood-shed to the animals (Disilvestro, 90) Another example of immoral behavior towards the animals which also causes blood-shed is hunting for pleasure and conservation. It is cruel and inhumane to kill animals for fun because they have pain, they have families.

Many elephants are hunted down just so the poachers can make money with their beautiful ivory tusks. Some hunters even try to take their tusks while they are alive (Dicilvestro 96). Just try for one-day to put yourself in the animals position. See how it would feel if a hunter tried to take your nose or fingers or hair etc., just for the sake of money. Hunting is one of the major causes for extinction in animals.

Another example of extinction is the destruction of animal habitat. Imagine if one day a bull-dozer pulled up right in front of your beautiful serene-looking house, and in a blink of an eye, destroyed your house completely without any warning. How would you feel? What kind of emotions would you be experiencing at that particular time? What if your whole community (city) was destroyed in this manner without any explanation or warning? Ok so it was an order for the government to build a new highway, and your house just happened to be in the way. The government probably will say hey, it is our right to do so, it is for our economical development of the society. Well just because it is their right and for the benefit of economical development, dues not mean that it is right! Just because the government has more power than you, doesn’t mean it is fair to destroy what you call home.

This act would be considered highly immoral due to the fact that it was wrong. Now imagine yourself in an animals shoes, whose homes are destroyed everyday by the minute. Hundreds and hundreds of acres are destroyed by the minute, leaving the animals homeless. We say that animals don’t have emotions or don’t feel pain, but that is to the contrary. Just because they are of lower intelligence then us, that does not give us the right to destroy their homes.

In conclusion, we have to become more aware of the significance wild-life has on us we have to educate ourselves about why animals have to be treated kindly. The issue of animal rights is most definitely a moral issue because morality deals with what is right or wrong. Being cruel and evil to animals is simply immoral. Animal Science.

Animal rights

By: Anonymous
Many humans use animals for testing each year. Animal testing is when the animals are put through something or injected to see how they react to what medical research they have been used for. There are three very important reasons why animals should not be used for testing harmful or dangerous materials. One of these is that testing and its use is trivial in the cosmetic industry. The second reason is that animals have rights and animals can feel pleasure and pain just as humans do. The third reason is that testing is cruel and unusual. Another reason is that animal testing and its use is trivial in the cosmetic industry. Testing on animals for the cosmetic industry is not necessary because they have many other ways to find out if it harms the human race. The testing that goes on is harmful to the animals and can cause serious side effects. The cosmetic companies hold down bunnies in vices and spray the cosmetics into their eyes to see if it causes them redness, stinging, or even blindness. They also have baboons strapped down with their heads in vices to do certain tests on them. Animals are also used by pharmaceutical companies to produce drugs and health supplements. They estimate that 17 to 22 million animals are used each year for medical research, and these estimates do not include rats, mice, fish, and farm animals. That means that 90% of all research animals are not included in the statistics. Too many animals are being tested and they do not even need to use the animals for these tests. They can use computer software materials and get the same results. One more point is that animals do have rights. The activists of the animal rights movements do not claim that animals are the moral equivalent of humans, just that their feelings deserve some consideration. Animals are just as alive as we are and they follow the course as we do, they find food, they produce offspring, they overcome challenges, therefore, they have intelligence. We argue that humans have many qualities – such as a complex language, sophisticated reasoning, and a highly evolved culture; that animals do not have. The animals also have this, dolphins communicate with each other, and the baboon uses sticks as a tool to gather ants, and still animals are not significant. Many animals are used, and even killed, for the sake of medical research. The have a right is to have a claim or entitlement to something and to have that claim recognized by others. The bad news for animals is two-fold. First, in all the cases of women’s rights, the abolition of slavery, and ending apartheid, a good part of the political momentum comes from the oppressed themselves. Secondly, empathy for the oppressed by influential outsides came because the outsides could identify with the oppressed – because they are human. So we must continue to stand up for animal rights. No animal needs dies when software can be used for testing. The third, and final reason to defend animal rights is that animal testing is cruel and unusual. Animals are used every day to help find a cure for a certain disease in many painful ways. In 1984 at LaLoma Medical Center in California, a child had a heart transplant with a baboon’s heart and dies only two days later. Some called it a medical miracle. Other thought is unholy to mingle body parts of humans with animals. The early vivisection’s (the cutting open of living animals without any anesthetics), shed light on biological functions, but also killed many animals in the process. The first kidney transplants were done on ver hundred of dogs and are not relatively safe for humans. The University of Pennsylvania had 60 hours of videotape stolen from the medical lab. On these videotapes, it showed baboons being knocked out by a blow to the head, while their heads are cemented into plastic helmets. They also show baboons waking up in the middle of surgery, mostly operations on their brains. The Armed Forces Radiobiology Institute in Maryland was using monkeys to test radiation. The monkeys were exposed to various doses of radiation and then forced to run on a treadmill. If they stopped running they were given electric shock to keep them moving. Others vomited during the experimentation and they were given increasingly painful shocks to keep them moving and some did not die for more than five days. There were dogs that were used in the research on relationship between smoking and lung cancer. The dogs were being forced to breathe nicotine-laden smoke through a tube in their throats. Federal agencies have their own testing facilities, but they also delegate testing to Universities and commercial laboratories. Government regulatory agencies protect corporations by determining how much poison can be “safely” absorbed into animals. There are chickens hanging by their feet from a conveyer belt that shoves them through an automatic throat-slicing machine. Or the deep basket full of baby male chicks struggling not to be smothered before they are ground into feed. Or the veal – calves raised in a crate so small that it could not turn around or walk – just to keep its meat tender. “At the University of Pennsylvania baboons are place din vices and they have their heads snapped around so violently that some have seizures, go limp, or even die, all the while the lab doctors stand around and laugh about their faces. There are certain experiments where puppies are burned, cat’s eyelids are sewn shut, and baboons’ heads are crushed – and we wonder if these acts can be justified. Finally, there is the Lethal Dose 50 test. It is a test primarily used to test potential dangerous chemicals and new drugs. They get 100 lab animals and give them a dosage of the drug, and they keep receiving a dosage until 50 of the lab animals die – hence the name -Lethal Dose 50. Is this necessary? Should animals sacrifice their lives for chemicals and new drugs? With all the other alternatives to animal testing, with sever limits, it should be outlawed. Animals used in cosmetic testing should not continue, because animals have certain rights, such as humans, and the testing is cruel and unusual for any living thing. Millions of innocent animals are used for testing and continue to be infected, catch diseases, or in certain cases die because we do not care enough to do anything about it?
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