Ap 1996 Number 1 Answer Social and biological factors have an impact on body weight, perception, alcoholism, extroversion, and schizophrenia in the individual. Many social characteristics of individuals are associated with body weight in societies of today. Factors, such as gender, age, ethnicity, the occupation, household size, income, education received, and marriage can have an impact on body weight. Females tend to have more stored body fat than the males, which can cause them to be more likely to be obese. As social roles and expectations increase, obesity and other weight problems tend to increase as the person ages.
In the ethnic variations, the minority seemed to have more of a weight problem because of their calorie intake. Individuals who have eating opportunities as their occupation tend to become more obese. Income can affect the sources that can be gained, which can affect the body weight. Education provides the individual the knowledge of nutrition and healthy food, which would prevent the person gaining any weight problems. Living alone and single in a house can also affect your eating lifestyle. And, finally, obese people tend to marry other obese people late in their lives, which leads to a more unhealthy way of life. Biological factors include the number and size of the fat cells, which determine one’s body fat.
If the number of fat cells is not reduced by a diet, it is difficult to lose weight permanently. When one has a family history of weight problems, the following generation has the tendency to resemble the weights of their ancestors. If we wish to understand a person’s motivation we must first understand how the world is perceived. If we cannot understand the world from the other person’s point of view, we cannot effectively deal with the behavior. People respond not on the basis of reality, but on their perception of reality. Perception and behavior are jointly determined by external and internal factors.
How the external and internal factors interact forms the basis for one’s behavior, which is the frame of reference. The frame of reference is important in understanding how you react, but the frame of reference of anyone observing you determines how that person will interpret your behavior. We each see the world through our own. Different cultural groups may see things differently, even when seeing the same thing. Each group has values and beliefs that determine meanings. Internal factors, especially the strong urges (food, sex-mate, etc.) and strong ambitions (acceptance, recognition, the defense of self-respect, getting ahead) will greatly influence how we deal with the world. Social factors such as peer pressure combined with psychological factors (depression, hopelessness, and stress) lead many people to experiment with and become dependent on alcohol.
Some may also appear to have a greater biological susceptibility to dependence on alcohol. For example, research indicates that hereditary influence alcoholic tendencies. Children of alcoholics have a higher tolerance for multiple alcoholic drinks and also there’s a gene on chromosome that is present which is more common among alcoholics, especially the severe ones. An extroverted individual would appear sociable, outgoing, talkative, responsive, easygoing, lively, carefree, and have leadership. Although people’s traits persist over time, human behavior varies widely from situation to situation. Despite these variations, a person’s average behavior across different situations is more consistent.
Through factor analysis, researchers isolated five important dimensions of personality. Genetic predisposition influence most such traits. Schizophrenia can be explained that normal or disordered behavior arises from the interaction of nature and nurture. One explanation could be a growth-blocking difficulty in the person’s environment, in the person’s interpretations of events, or in the person’s bad habits and poor social skills. Some major disorders are universal, and can affect many different cultures.
Most individuals today assume that disorders are indeed influenced by genetic predisposition and physiological states, inner psychological dynamics, and social and cultural circumstances Psychology.