Aushwitz Diary July 29, 1932 I went to a campaign speech I and heard Adolf Hitler campaigning for dictatorship for Germany. He was saying that his opponents say the National Socialists are not German at all, because they refuse to work with other political parties. I think every one should work together, I hope he doesn’t win. I don’t care for his ideas. December 25, 1932 Momma and Aunt Mildred made the best Christmas diner ever.
I got a new suit from Papa and Mama. March 8, 1933 Hitler became the Dictator of Germany. It is a sad day for Jews, some of our friends and neighbors have been leaving to other countries, they say Germany will be ruined under Hitler’s rule. Papa says things will not get that bad. March 14,1933 The Nazis invaded, they set fire to most of it.
It was bad enough that we must wear stars on our shirts and our businesses were taken. March 15, 1933 My family’s house was destroyed and we moved in with uncle Pincus. November 11, 1933 I’d heard rumors that Jews were going to Auschwitz. But I didn’t know what Auschwitz means, I have heard rumors people are being kept in prison there, how can it be that Jews can be imprisoned without committing a crime. Mama is worried and papa and uncle Pincus are talking about escaping the city. November 14, 1933 We got the dreaded notice that we had been selected for resettlement farther east.
There will be no time to escape from the soldiers. The train cars they took us in were actually cattle cars. We entered the cars and sat on our baggage. There was not very much room between us and the roof of the cattle car. We could not open them from the inside.
The windows were small, open rectangles. Our car had from 100 to 120 people in it so it was quite crowded. We had some water and some food . The cars were sealed At night as we traveled, the train was filled with so many people that no matter where you turned you were almost face to face with the next person. There were no bathrooms on the train, only a bucket that was passed around.
At times it smelled so badly, I thought I would be sick to my stomach. We heard gun shot, but did not know why these shots were fired, Then I heard an old man with a beard say that the SS troops were on the roofs of the cattle cars shooting past the windows to discourage people from sticking their heads out. The train is moving at a fairly great speed. There was no stopping. November 16, 1933 We traveled day and night. The train is cold and the smell is awful.
November 19,1933 At four o’clock three days later one morning at dawn, we looked through the cracks in the cattle car. I saw the name Auschwitz in Polish. I was paralyzed. I didn’t feel anything. When daylight came, they slid the car door open.
All we heard was, Raus, raus, get out of here, get out of here! I had to crawl over people who had died from the cold and from lack of food and water. When they opened the doors to the cattle car, we jumped off as quickly as we could because we were under orders. We grabbed what we could and assembled outside. SS men with the skulls on their hats and collars stood in front of us stretched out at intervals about every ten feet. The SS officer in charge stood with his German shepherd.
The officer had one foot propped up on a little stool. We lined up and filed by him, everyone that got of the train had to place their valuables in wooden crates. Whatever we had, we lost. Those who didn’t give up their possessions willingly or quickly were beaten. Right there the selection took place, as each person passed by him, he pointed left or right. The thumb left and right was your destiny. The people sent to the left went to a large building , I could see the people to the left were mostly elderly or young children.
I was sent to the right. Before us stood an immense rectangle of land surrounded by electrically-charged barbed wire. This must be the Auschwitz death camp. We were assembled in long rows and marched between the troops of the SS soldiers into the camp. We were marched up and down a broad avenue for four or five hours between posts of barbed wire with a huge sign, EXTREME DANGER, HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL WIRES.
We saw guard towers high above us. We saw men with machine guns inside them, All the men walk in silence, we are pretty sure this must be a death camp. Back and forth and back and forth, they just kept us in motion. They told us we were going to be given some new clothing, but before that, we were sent into the showers. .
We started washing ourselves. We got out and stood there. We were deloused because we had lice. One guard stood there putting some kind of a chemical under our arms, and one shaved our heads. Then we were given some prisoner’s uniforms, very similar to the uniforms a prisoner would wear.
We were issued wooden shoes, we didn’t get the sizes we normally wore, we had to make do with what we got. Then we were lined up again in single file and tattooed on the forearm. My number was 161253. November 20, 1933 As it got closer to the morning, I was feeling more desperate to get out of this nightmare. This place is such a terrible sight to behold.
Men are thin and frail, most have been beaten, food is scarce, and it is cold. November 21, 1933 Then we were separated into different groups and walked to what they called the B camp of Auschwitz. The women’s camp was separated from the men’s camp by a wide road. There were about 24 barracks for men and the same number for women. The men in charge were called barracks’ elders or capos. They were German criminals taken from German prisons and sent to oversee the people in the barracks.
The bunks we slept in were in three tiers, lower, middle, and upper. The mattress was just burlap filled with straw. We had not eaten at that time, and we were not to get anything to eat until the next morning. November 22, 1933 They woke us at 5:00 or 5:30 each morning. There were about 300 or 400 men to a barrack.
We had double or triple bunks. The bunks were actually single beds, but two people had to sleep on one bunk. We laid on straw. We were told to get out of the barracks as fast as we could. We were arranged in groups of five with just small distances between us.
The SS trooper would come by and start counting one, two, three, four, five. If he miscounted, he went over it again we stood there two hours. I kept wondering why none of us tried to overpower this lone guard who had just a small pistol. In the morning we got metal cups and spoons. We were each given two slices of bread or watered down oatmeal.
The coffee was toasted acorns ground up. It tasted terrible. Soup was served at lunch ti …