Benedict Arnold

.. ake Champlain) Arnold did not care whether the men were unskilled or half-naked, he was desperate. (Lake Champlain) Washington approved Arnolds needs, he sent the boats up north. Arnold sailed the boats on the Richelieu River, which was near a British preparation site. (Lake Champlain) Arnold ordered his men to fire the cannons to let the British know they were there.

(Lake Champlain) Although Arnold lost the Lake Champlain battle, he never gave up. He alone created a far reaching “victory” for his country. (Lake Champlain) In 1776, Benedict Arnold was associated with a number of different summer battles. (B Arnold) These battles were involving any kinds of war, they were legal matters. (B Arnold) Arnold was taken to court for stealing goods from numerous stores in Montreal after a battle.

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(B Arnold) In Arnolds defense, he accused Officer Hazen of not taking command. After that, Arnold felt as if he was the one who had to take control. (B Arnold) Hazen was brought into the court. Arnold and Hazen started a vicious argument that became hot. (B Arnold) The court was in favor of the officer and they demanded Arnold to apologize to Hazen.

Arnold was furious and refused to apologize to anybody. (B Arnold) To get revenge, Arnold decided to challenge the court. In retaliation, the court demanded to arrest Arnold. (B Arnold) On Lake Champlain in New York State, was an important place during the Revolutionary War. (Kenneth 65) It was an easy access route by water for the invasion of Canada.

(Kenneth 65) A group of Americans put together an expedition to take over Fort Ticonderoga. (Kenneth 65) The group included Ethan Allen, a Vermont colonial leader and Benedict Arnold, a colonel from Connecticut. (Kenneth 65) Arnold trained his own militia force for the capture of the fort. (Kenneth 65) Arnold and Allen met up in Bennington. (B Arnold) Arnold accompanied Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys, also known as Vermont soldiers, before heading off to Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775. (Kenneth 65) Benedict Arnold shared the command with Allen. Allen and Arnold led the Green Mountain Boys in a surprise attack.

(Kenneth 65) The capture was successful. Not a single person from Arnold and Allens troops had died while taking over the fort. The Green Mountain Boys celebrated their victory by breaking into rum stores and getting drunk. (B Arnold) The Green Mountain Boys and Allen basically ignored Arnold during and after the capture of Fort Ticonderoga. (B Arnold) Benedict went to Colonel Easton to complain about the way he was treated. The two ended up in an argument and nothing was ever solved.

(B Arnold) Arnold was even spotted spending time with the officers from the other side instead of his fellow soldiers. (B Arnold) Soon enough, Arnold eventually gained some status by his knowledge about sailing ships. (B Arnold) Easton returned from Massachusetts where he went to announce the capture of Fort Ticonderoga. (B Arnold) At this time, Allen and Benedict were making a plan to invade Quebec City, Canada. (B Arnold) While in Massachusetts, Colonel Easton had just about destroyed any knowledge about Arnolds participation in the capture.

(B Arnold) Arnold was furious and once again the two engaged in an argument which further resulted in a physical fight. (B Arnold) The British recaptured the fort in 1777, but abandoned it in 1780. The fort was left behind because the British gave up hope of using the invasion route in later years. (Kenneth 65) At Saratoga National Historic Park in Stillwater, New York, rests a monument to Benedict Arnolds leg. (BAs Leg) The monument sits on the exact spot of where Benedict was knocked down and wounded when the Battle of Freemans Farm was in progress.

(BAs Leg) Benedict Arnolds leg was pinned beneath his own horse. His leg was extremely wounded and bled immensely. (BAs Leg) Although Arnolds leg was badly broken, it survived the battle. (BAs Leg) While being appointed to command over the city of Philadelphia in 1778, Arnold met a young woman named Peggy Shippen. (B Arnold and Macks 118) Peggy was a society girl and the daughter of an important Tory.

(Macks 118) She had three daughters by her husband Edward Shippen who was a judge. (B Arnold) Soon enough, Arnold and Peggy began to have a close relationship. (B Arnold) The two were inseparable and Arnold asked Peggy for her hand in marriage. Peggy was only eighteen years old and Benedict was thirty-eight years old when they tied the knot. (B Arnold) Both were beginning their second marriage.

(Macks 118) Arnold began to receive high social status after marrying into the Shippen family. (B Arnold) Thats what Arnold had longed for his entire life. He and his wife lived generously and extravagantly, and Arnold drew criticism for living beyond his means. (Macks 118) Benedict found himself in debt most of the time and was on the look out for scams that would entitle him money to spoil his wife. (Macks 118) Only Arnold knew the two lived beyond what they could afford and Benedict soon realized that his new social status was too difficult to pay for. (B Arnold) Arnold was involved in some risky business involving him using government supplies for his own needs.

(B Arnold) Congress always kept a close eye on Arnold because he had been accused of numerous accusations previous to his marriage. (B Arnold) The executive council of Pennsylvania accused Benedict of Tory leanings and of using military soldiers as his own personal servants. (Macks 118) He was soon brought to a marital court where he was found guilty on two different charges. (B Arnold) He was guilty of issuing a pass to a ship he later invested money in and for using government owned wagons for his own personal use. (B Arnold) The court ended up dismissing him without any wrongdoing, but he was scolded for using poor judgment by General Washington. (Macks 118) Soon, Arnold became enraged and irritated with his own country. He thought he deserved to be recognized for his money, rank, and glory.

(Macks 118) Only a year and a half after Arnolds heroic courage at Saratoga, he offered his services to the British Army. (BAs Leg) Arnold convinced General George Washington to give him command over West Point, a fierce American fort in which he was soon to take over. (Macks 118 and BAs Leg) The West Point fort guards the Hudson River, which is north of New York City. (Macks 118 and BAs Leg) In May of 1779, Arnold became in command of West Point, but he worked out a plan to surrender the fort to the British general, Sir Henry Clinton. Benedict had arranged to hand over the keys to West Point. (BAs Leg) He had been corresponding with the British for almost sixteen months.

In September of 1780, a group of thieves trapped a traveler in the woods right outside of West Point. (Macks 119) American forces captured the man. He was turned over to the American Army where his true identity was revealed. (Macks 119) The “traveler” turned out to be Major John André, who was part of the British Army. (Macks 119) He was Benedict Arnolds connection with the British. (BAs Leg) The scandalous scheme was quickly detected. (BAs Leg) The Americans found a map and many letters in his boot.

(Macks 119 and BAs Leg) The letters that were found, implicated Benedict. (BAs Leg) Arnolds scheme to surrender West Point was fully uncovered. (Macks 119) Before General Washington could arrest, then later capture and kill Arnold for being a traitor, he escaped from the Americans and went to New York City where he became a Brigadier general in the British Army. (Macks 119 and BAs Leg) The British sent a frigate called “Vulture” so he could disappear without harm. (BAs Leg) A frigate is a fast, medium sized sailing war ship of the eighteenth century.

Soon after his escape, Arnold began to conquer British forces. Arnold demanded 20,000 pounds from the British for the losses he suffered in joining them. He received only 6,315 pounds. Now a British officer, he led his new men on expeditions that burned Richmond, Virginia and New London, Connecticut, his native state. (BAs Leg) Thankfully, West Point was saved.

The British agent, Major John André, was soon hanged by the American Army. (Macks 120 and BAs Leg) The British lost the battle and Arnold became dismayed at the mistake of switching sides. (BAs Leg) The once great Benedict Arnold, was referred to as a “businessman turned ruthless, ambitious soldier”. (Macks 70) Arnold was recognized kindly by King George III when he went to England in 1781, but others there looked down upon him. In 1797, the British government granted him 13,400 acres in Canada. The land was of little use to him. Benedict spent most of his remaining years as a merchant in the West India trade, just like he had once done.

His second wife Peggy was faithful to him through all of his troubles. Arnolds wife was considered an innocent person throughout Arnolds betrayal. (B Arnold) People believed that Peggy indeed played an extremely important role in knowing what was going on with her husband and the British. (B Arnold) Peggy had been close friends with Major John André before she met Arnold. (B Arnold) It was said that during the winter of 1777 and 1778, the young woman held many parties in her Philadelphia home. (B Arnold) By this time, Peggy had made many friends.

Her parties and balls were strictly for people of high status. Lots of British officers and Tories attended. (B Arnold) It was thought that she may have encouraged him to become a traitor but it is not a proven fact. In Benedict Arnolds last days he was burdened with debt, became discouraged, and was basically distrusted by most people. Arnold soon passed away in England in 1801.

(BAs Leg) He left behind a total of eight children. (B Arnold) Five of the children were from Peggys first marriage and the other three were from his first marriage to Margaret. (B Arnold) His four sons then became members of the British military. America now has their first despicable traitor! (Macks 120) Bibliography “The Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.” Online. May 1775.

28 Feb. 2000. . ~”Benedict Arnold.” Online. 19 March 2000.

. ~”Benedict Arnolds Leg.” Online. 7 March 2000. . ~”Benedict Arnold on Lake Champlain.

The Battle of Valcour Island.” Online. 7 March 2000. . ~Flynn, J. Michael. “Benedict Arnold: The Traitor Who Saved America.” Online.

18 March 2000. . ~Kenneth, Dave C. “Say You Want a Revolution.” Dont Know Much About History. U.S.A: Avon Books, 1995. ~Mack, Stan.

“Redcoats and Guerrillas.” Real Life American Revolution. USA: Avon Books, 1994.