Benedict Arnold On January 14, 1741, Benedict Arnold was born in Norwich, Connecticut. (B Arnold) Arnolds father, also named Benedict, had a drinking problem and his mother Hannah often worried. (B Arnold) Arnold received his schooling at Canterbury. (B Arnold) While away at school, a few of Arnolds siblings passed away from Yellow Fever. (B Arnold) Arnold was a troublesome kid that would try just about anything.
(B Arnold) As a rebellious 14-year-old boy, he ran away from home to fight in the French and Indian War. (B Arnold) Later, Benedict Arnold deserted and returned home through the wilderness alone to work with his cousins. (B Arnold) The army had excused him without penalty because of his tender, young age. In 1762, when Benedict was just twenty-one years old, he went to New Haven, Connecticut where he managed a book and drug store and carried on trade with the West Indies. (B Arnold) In 1767, he married Margaret Mansfield, a daughter of a sheriff of New Haven County.
(B Arnold) They had three sons together. (B Arnold) When the Revolutionary War was just beginning to break out, Benedict Arnold became a prosperous ship owner, merchant, and trader. (Lake Champlain) Within days, Arnold became very interested in the war once again and joined the American Army. All of the battles Arnold commanded over showed immense courage and bravery, but he was soon known as Americas greatest traitor due to his betrayal of the Americans. As the Revolutionary War broke out, Benedict Arnold decided to volunteer to head over 1,000 men up to Maine.
(Lake Champlain) He asked for additional men from his companies to join the army. Arnold then became a captain in the Connecticut Militia. General George Washington had his favorites, which Arnold was among the very few. (Macks 118) So, Benedict Arnold was sent on a infernal 500 mile march to Maine by Washington also known as “The Rock”. (Macks 72, 118) There, he met up with General Richard Montgomery.
(Macks 72) The relentless Benedict Arnold and only about fifty percent of his original soldiers made it to the St. Lawrence River where they met up with General Montgomery. (Macks 72) Their plan was to attack the British Army by surprise in Quebec City, Canada. (Lake Champlain and Macks 72) Both Montgomery and Arnold arranged to start on the lofty mountain sides of Quebec. (Macks 72) Arnold and his soldiers found themselves trapped by the British.
A member of the British Army shot a musket ball directly towards Arnolds leg. (Macks 73) His leg was badly broken and he had to be taken to a hospital bed almost a mile away from the attack. (Macks 73) The courageous and brave Arnold relentlessly hollered orders from his bed, as his hard working troopers were overthrown by the British Army. (Macks 73) The attack had lasted fifty days and the secret journey resulted in a catastrophe for the volunteer soldiers who marched away. (Lake Champlain) The conditions were horrendous.
It was said that almost fifty percent of the men froze, starved, and even made broth for nourishment by boiling leather from their shoes. (Lake Champlain) Forty, of the fifty percent of the worn out men died before returning home. (Lake Champlain) During this time, Arnold had tremendous leadership and courage in those woods. Many people believed that they would have all perished if it were not for dauntless and extraordinary field general-ship. (Lake Champlain) The Massachusetts Committee of Safety became suspicious of Arnolds behavior and conduct. Benedict was fed up so he resigned his commission at Crown Point, New York. (M.
Flynn) While Benedict was on his way back to Connecticut, he first dropped by Albany, New York where he talked with the commander of the Northern Army, Major General Philip Schuyler. (M. Flynn) Arnold tried to persuade the General into letting him invade Quebec. Arnold understood that he would later face consequences with the Massachusetts Committee because of his actions, but he prepared himself. (M.
Flynn) Benedict came up with a petition and accumulated over 500 signatures from Northern New Yorkers. (M. Flynn) The petition showed the Americans appreciation of his accomplishments and good deeds. (M. Flynn) The petition soon became useless.
Arnolds wife had been sick with an illness for quite some time. (B Arnold) The news soon made it to him that Margaret had passed away. (M. Flynn) Arnold proceeded back to New Haven to bury his wife and sort through her belongings. (M.
Flynn) He soon returned to the same spot, but this time he had a new method of taking control of Quebec. (M. Flynn) Arnold met with General Washington once again and informed him of his plan to invade Quebec City for the second time. Both Arnold and General Philip Schuyler, a well-educated man from the upper class, would take different routes up to Canada. (M. Flynn) Arnold would go up the Kennebec River into northwest Maine and would then travel through the woods, while Schuyler would head directly north.
(M. Flynn) Washington thought Arnolds plan was brilliant and told him to go ahead with it but under two conditions. (M. Flynn) First, Arnold had to talk to the Massachusetts Committee of Safety in regards to previous accusations. Second, Benedict had to obtain General Schuylers permission to accompany him on the invasion.
(M. Flynn) Once these two circumstances were met, Arnold would become a colonel and serve in the Continental Army. (M. Flynn) After meeting with the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, Arnold was dismissed of any errors. (M. Flynn) While patiently waiting for Schuylers decision, Washington ordered Arnold to stay on campus until the word came through.
Arnold didnt bother to listen to anything Washington had to say so he left for a close-by journey to Watertown. (M. Flynn) He soon found out that General Philip Schuyler would be setting out to attack Montreal on August 30. (M. Flynn) Arnold was overjoyed with the news. Colonel Arnold and General Washington validated sixteen thousand men on September 2, 1775 before heading off to Canada.
(M. Flynn) Arnold ended up choosing a little under one thousand men to take with him on the attack. (M. Flynn) Washington had additionally added three hundred more soldiers from Pennsylvania and Virginia to proceed with Arnold. (M. Flynn) Arnold carefully followed a map to the mouth of the Kennebec River.
He soon realized that the map had been altered by British authorities before it had been printed. (M. Flynn) Arnold also found out that the man he chose to replicate the map was an undercover Tory. (M. Flynn) The man had changed the map around even more and handed them out to all of Arnolds men.
(M. Flynn) Now, Arnold was facing an extra two hundred and twenty miles to march. The weather soon became horrendous. There were raging rainstorms and strong winds, almost like a hurricane. (M.
Flynn) Part of Arnolds men backed out and returned home with most of the Armys food. (M. Flynn) The left over men were subdued to eating tree bark, leather from their shoes, Newfoundlander dogs, and anything that could be digested. (M. Flynn) The men were spread out and it was difficult for Arnold to keep count. (M.
Flynn) The first men to arrive at the St. Lawrence River in Quebec were only a week and a half late, even with the extra miles added on. (M. Flynn) Montreal ended up surrendering to General Richard Montgomery on November 13th. (M. Flynn) Montgomery had replaced Schuyler for an unknown reason. (M.
Flynn) The British were completely aware of Arnolds plan to attack Quebec once again. (M. Flynn) Arnold had written General Schuyler a letter updating about the soldiers advancements. (M. Flynn) Benedict gave the letter to a well trusted Indian so he could bring it to Schuyler. (M. Flynn) The Indian betrayed Arnold and Schuylers trust by handing over the letter to the British. Thats how Arnolds plan was discovered by the enemies.
(M. Flynn) On New Years Eve, in the middle of a snowstorm, Montgomery and Arnold started their attack on Quebec City. (M. Flynn) Within minutes, the British were alerted. (M. Flynn) Montgomery was killed by a cannon ball.
(M. Flynn) Without a leader, Montgomerys forces headed off. Arnold was quickly made Brigadier General by Congress and Washingtons approval. (M. Flynn) An additional two thousand and five hundred soldiers were sent up due to the low number of men left. (M. Flynn) About two hundred and ninety men were taken hostage as prisoners, thirty-five were hurt, and fifty had died.
(M. Flynn) A new British Army from England disembarked and ended the invasion. (M. Flynn) The war was successful. Arnold was the head of the evacuation of Montreal. Arnold was the last person to leave the Canadian border to head down south.
(M. Flynn) Benedicts return back to the colonies with his soldiers started in June of 1776. (M. Flynn) Arnold discovered exactly how much his home country had changed since he was away. For example, Virginia became independent and his church had been arrested because they were British spies.
(M. Flynn) The war has ended. Americans said, “Arnold showed himself as the most enterprising man among the rebels”. (M. Flynn) Arnold was determined to fight near Valcour Island, which is comfortably up against the shoreline of New York. (Lake Champlain) In June of 1776, while the Battle of Valcour Island just began, Arnold had hurt himself badly.
(Lake Champlain) Despite his pain, Arnold managed to lead his soldiers the rest of the way to Lake Champlain. (Lake Champlain) July 7, 1776, Benedict and his men headed to Lake Champlain. (Lake Champlain) They found refuge at the southern end of the lake. It turned out that Arnold led his men into the exact spot they wanted to be in, which was Fort Amherst on Crown Point. (Lake Champlain) They were all glad that the their travels were over.
Benedict and his soldiers rowed just about one hundred miles to reach their destination. (Lake Champlain) It was a long and stressful journey. While Arnold had previously fought in Canada, he picked up strategies to win wars just by watching every little move of the British soldiers. (Lake Champlain) The British were powerful and compelling. Arnold knew there was no possible way to defeat the Northern Army, at least not in 1776. He told his fellow officers that the only thing America could hope for was to delay the Northern Army.
(Lake Champlain) Arnolds ongoing energy and positive enthusiasm kept his men on their toes. (Lake Champlain) A tiny group of fifteen boats finally formed by late September. Arnold urged, prayed, badgered, and pleaded to Washington to put together a navy of about five hundred men. (L …