.. e a dream. There may be people who retain an infantile type of mental process longer than others may. But in general Freud feels a wish left over unfulfilled from the previous day is insufficient to produce a dream in the case of an adult. He admits that a wishful impulse originating in the conscious will contribute to the instigating of a dream, but it will probably not do more than that.

My supposition is that a conscious wish can only become a dream-instigator if it succeeds in awakening an unconscious wish with the same tenor and in obtaining reinforcement from it. (Freud, 552-553) Freud explains his theory in an analogy: A daytime thought may very well play the part of the entrepreneur for a dream, but the entrepreneur, who, as people say, has the idea and the initiative to carry it out, can do nothing without capital. He needs a capitalist who can afford the outlay for the dream, and the capitalist who provides the psychical outlay for the dream is invariably and indisputably, whatever may be the thoughts of he previous day, a wish from the unconscious. (Freud pg. 230.) Sometimes the capitalist is himself the entrepreneur, and indeed in the case of the dreams, an unconscious wish is stirred up by daytime activity and proceeds to construct a dream.

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( Palombo, M.D, 1986 ) The view that dreams carry on the occupations and interests of waking life has been confirmed by the discovery of the concealed dream-thoughts. These are only concerned with what seems important to us and interests us greatly. Dreams are never occupied with minor details. But the contrary view has also been accepted, that dreams pick up things left over from the previous day. Thus it was concluded that two fundamentally different kinds of psychical processes are concerned in the formation of dreams.

One of these produces perfectly rational thoughts, of no less than normal thinking, while the other treats these thoughts in a manner, which is bewildering and irrational. Referring to Freud’s quote stated in the beginning, by analyzing dreams one can take a step forward in our understanding of the composition of that most mysterious of all instruments. Only a small step forward will enable us to proceed further with its analysis. (Freud, pg. 589 & 608 ) The unconscious is the true psychical reality, in its innermost nature it is as much unknown to us as the reality of the external world, and it is as incompletely presented, as is the communications of our sense organ.

There is of course no question that dreams give us knowledge for the future. But it would be truer to say instead that they give us knowledge of the past. For dreams are derived from the past in every sense. Nevertheless the ancient belief that dreams foretell the future is not false. (Freud, pg. 662) By picturing our wishes as fulfilled, dreams are after all leading us into the future.

But the future, which the dreamer pictures as the present, has been molded by his indestructible wish into a perfect likeness of the past. ( Palombo, M.D, 1986 )Although there has been some descriptive study of the incidence and character of feeling in REM dreaming, there has been no investigation of the appropriateness of dream feelings to accompany dream imagery. It has been suggested that, the generation of affect in dreaming may not be as reliable as the generation of other forms of dream imagery. Dream affect generally seems to be consistent with the larger narrative context of the dreams. (David Foulkes & Brenda Sullivan, 1988) Research by Cohen and Wolfe has shown that a simple distraction in the morning had a strong negative effect on dream recall.

The study concerned a variable relatively neglected in dream research, the level of interest the subjects have about their dreams. One finding was that interest in dreams appeared to vary with sex: woman reported that they more frequently speculated their dreams and discussed them with other people than did men. These differences could reflect a greater tendency for woman to pay more attention to their emotional life and inner self. (Paul R. Robbins & Roland H. Tanck, 1988)) One assumes naturally that the past events incorporated in his patient’s dream imagery may be defensive substitutions for other more objectionable events of the past.

Through its relation to the dream, the screen memory, like the day residue, provides access to the associative structures of memory in, which are embedded the wishes and events, whose repression lies at the core of the neurotic process. ( Palombo M.D, 1986 ) But dreams do not consist solely of illusions, If for instance, one is afraid of robbers in a dream, the robbers, it is true, are imaginary- but fear is real. ( Freud, pg. 74 ) Affects in dreams cannot be judged in the same way as the remainder of their content, and we are faced by the problem of what part of the psychical processes occurring in dreams is to be regarded as real. That is to say, as a claim to be classed among the psychical processes of waking life.

(Freud, pg. 74 ) The theory of the hidden meaning of dreams might have come to a conclusion merely by following linguistic usage. It is true that common language sometimes speaks of dreams with contempt. But, on the whole, ordinary usage treats dreams above all as the blessed fulfillers of wishes . If ever we find our expectations surpassed by the event, we exclaim, I should never have imagined such a thing even in my wildest dreams ! ( Freud pg.

132-133 ) Psychologists tend to take one of three main views on dream analysis. The psychoanalytic view is one of the oldest and most scientifically controversial explanations to why we dream. It was mainly developed by Freud and suggests that dreams are disguised symbols of repressed desires. To some extent, I believe Freud’s theory about some dreams being repressed desires, but I don’t believe in the hidden meanings. The biological view suggests that certain cells in the brain are activated during REM sleep.

I personally don’t agree with that what so ever. The third view is the cognitive view, which suggests that dreams are used to process information. They help us sort our everyday experiences and thoughts. For example if you have a big test the next day, that night you might dream about going to school and being unable to find the classroom. I personally agree with this theory because it just makes the most sense to me and seems to hold true in my life.

I personally don’t believe that dreams have hidden meanings. I believe that they are just random thoughts of things that happened during the day and running through our mind at night. Dreams may seem weird only because what you remember is thrown together. But I do think there is something about our minds that are potentially awesome. If one can dream of what the future may hold (ESP), than maybe someday in the future we can channel that power something greater.

The mind is an incredible thing and I can’t even begin to know what how much potential it has if we are only using a fraction of it. Psychology.