For Whom The Bell Tolls By Ernes Hemmingway

.. 56). Pablo is homesick, tired of the war and scared of getting killed, by his own men at the battle of the bridge. Jordan wrestles with the idea of whether or not he should have killed Pablo in the confrontation but is reassured by Pilar that he was right not to. In spite of all attempts to maintain a professional attitude toward his work and the remain detached from any emotional involvement, Robert Jordan finds himself falling in love with Maria.

Jordan’s battle within himself has now passed the beginning stage. He talks to Pilar about his sense of duty but he acknowledges the fact that he cares very much for Maria. It begins to become obvious to all the characters that their enemy is better organized, has more support, is better equipped, and really cannot be defeated. It is becoming less obvious to them that the cause is worth all of their lives and the lives of the others like them. Chapter 10 serves the purpose of displaying how, in war, the good guys, can be just as cruel as the bad guys. Hemmingway recounts the executions of several members of the Second Republic.

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“There were more than twenty. But none was shot” “What was done?” “Pablo had them all beaten to death with flails and thrown from the top of the cliff into the river.” Pilar went on to describe the gruesome way in which the fascists were forced to run the gauntlet to the edge of the cliff, where they were then thrown off. Some of the men went screaming and crying, begging for mercy, some had to be dragged, near paralyzed with terror. In chapter 13 Jordan’s battle within himself has gotten bigger. He wants to live out a normal life with Maria as his wife and he does not want to die for a cause. He argues bitterly with himself and he becomes disgusted with the politics of both sides. He admits to himself for the first time that he is in love with Maria, and his love has made him see things clearly.

He has finally met someone he truly loves and in less than four days he must blow up this bridge and probably die. The urgency of his desire for Maria shows his fear that they have little time left. That fear is shown again when Jordan wakes up one night and holds her tightly as if he were afraid of losing her. It soon comes to Robert Jordan’s attention that the plans for the attack have been leaked to the fascists. He sends a message to General Golz. Asking to call off the attack.

Jordans longing to stay alive grows and , aware of this, he tries to make sure that the message he sends to Golz doesn’t sound like he merely wishes the attack to be called off for personal reasons. He entertains the idea that the offensive could be merely a diversionary tactic to draw enemy troops away from another front. If that were the case, then he had little hope that the attack would be canceled, for fascist knowledge of the attack would mean little to Golz. In chapter 30 Jordans father committed suicide. This is the first time Ernest Hemmingway ever reflected on the suicide on his father in his writing.

Maria’s father was the mayor of her town and that her mother was not a Republican, but was loyal to her husband. Both were killed by a Falangist firing squad. We know also that Maria was a captive of a vicious group of fascists before she was rescued by Pablo’s band, and that she was raped repeatedly by her captors. The battle at the bridge has grown more and more hopeless up to this point. It has snowed so much that the fascists would be able to follow their tracks.

Jordan awakes to Pilar shaking him. Quickly he returns to reality when he learns that Pablo has vanished taking all the explosives and their means of escape with him. He is terribly discouraged but assures Pilar that he can find another way to set off the explosives at the bridge. Jordan is furious with himself for forgetting that Pablo would only be friendly in order to betray him. He becomes furious with Spain and with both sides of the fight. He decides that they will be able to blow the bridge, but that they will die doing it, as Pablo and his horses were there only source of escape.

Chapter 37 shows Jordan and Maria’s last intimate moments together. He feels as if he has spent his whole life at this cave, that the guerrillas are his brothers, and that Maria is his wife. The scene in the cave before the fight is one of nervous despair. The men are riddled with angst and are snapping at eachother. Jordans plan which he had thought up the night before doesn’t seem like such a great one now that morning is near. The situation has become worse.

He doesn’t have enough men to overcome the enemy guard post, and he has lost the equipment necessary to blow the bridge correctly. Suddenly, Pablo reappears, with additional men and horses in tow. Immediately things begin to look better and the task at hand doesn’t look quite so impossible. Jordan says several times that no one is going to do anything until they hear the offensive begin. The time of the battle finally arrives. It is a bloody and complicated battle where the importance of the individual is needed. First, when Jordan looks at the sentry he must kill, and sees him as a human being-a fact which makes him decided not look at the man until he has to.

Then, when Anselmo cry’s over the fact that he just killed a sentry. Finally comes the ultimate irony of the novel. Robert Jordan has done everything he should have done and his mission has actually been successful. He is in the process of escaping with Maria and everyone else who is left alive, but he will die but not for the cause, but for true love.