Fundamentals Of Basketball Defense

.. ts the ball overhead belly-up, this means put both hands up around the ball mimicking the ball in every movement, wrists cocked, elbows close together, staying in defensive position. Defending a dead ball (player has no dribble remaining). Swarm the ball without fouling, both hands around the ball, wrists cocked. The call is dead-dead-dead. All other players cut all leads with complete denial.

When closing out to the ball when a pass has been completed to your opponent you sprint until you get within the danger of being beaten on the drive; get under control and slide in your stance the rest of the way. The key is to keep the feet moving. Hands should be chest high if the opponent is in shooting range. Put pressure on the ball handler, but dont give up the drive. Make all shooters adjust their shot.

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This is done by being vocal and getting a hand up on the shot or at least in the face of the shooter. Block all shooters in their tracks; bump and go to the ball. After your opponent makes a pass always jump to the ball. After you jump to the ball, then adjust your ball-you-player relationship. All five players should jump to the ball when the pass is made. Anytime you are not guarding the person with the ball, you should have a ball-you-player relationship.

If the relationship ever gets ball-player-you, you are beat and must recover. Always stay between your opponent and the ball. Defending a player without the ball you must stay in a ball-you-player relationship at all times. Defending penetrating passes is called denial defense. You deny all the passes that penetrate to the basket or the baseline (within the hash marks). This area is know as the power zone, which is located 15-18 feet from the basket. Be in a closed stance with your chest facing your opponent. The arm closest to the ball is in the passing lane, palm facing ball handler and thumb to the floor.

The further you are from the ball, the further you play from your opponent. If your man back cuts and you loose vision snap your head and throw your arm in the passing lane. Be ready to help and decide (to switch or stay) on penetration by the ball handler. Power Zone- shaded area located 15-18 feet from basket Similar to defending players without the ball, when defending against cutters you must maintain your ball you player relationship. Never allow the player you are guarding to cut ball side.

Beat the opponent to the ball side alley it a cut is made across the lane by the opposing player. Be open until the cutter gets to you, then change to a closed stance. Try to avoid contact until that player approaches the alley. Go to meet him before he gets out of the alley. Help defense is done on non-penetration passes or two or more passes away from the ball.

In this position assume an open stance with your back to the baseline and point your pistols. One at the ball, one at the player you are guarding. From this flat triangle (on pass off the passing lane) with vision on both opponent and the ball handler. When playing help defense position yourself close enough to the ball to stop any penetration while still being able to recover back to the player you are guarding if that player gets the ball. The further your opponent is from the ball, the further you play off your opponent. Low post defense takes place in the area just to the right of left of the basket on or near the free throw lane.

Taller offensive players, usually centers or forwards set up near those spots in hopes of receiving a pass and making a move in close to the basket. Typically the offensive player stands with his back to the basket and an arm raised waiting for a pass. The offensive player tries to keep the defensive player behind him by spreading his legs wide. The first key to guarding in the low post area is to try to keep that player from receiving the ball in such a dangerous position. In all inside defense, both arms should be spread-eagled and straight out.

The defense works in a half moon around the front of the offensive player. As you cross in front, throw the head to regain vision on the ball. Dont make contact as you eagle, dont let the opponent feel you. By not allowing the offensive player to know where you are, this gives you an advantage on defense now the offensive player must react to you. In defending against screens there are two ways of handling the situation.

On all ball screens and pop outs it is best to switch, but on off ball screens there is more than one way in dealing with such screens. Play to the ball on of ball screens. If at all possible try to go over or fight through the screen. Beating your opponent to the spot with your chest does this. As a last resort switch if your teammate gets hung up on the screen and cant get through.

Switch only if necessary. Switching most often occurs in man to man defense. A switch is simply two defensive players switching men to give each other better defensive position. For example, lets say your man is dribbling to the right. Another offensive player comes and sets a pick.

As your man dribbles by his teammate, you either have to knock the other player over or go around and try to catch up with you man. On a switch however, your teammate, who is guarding the offensive player without the ball, simply steps out in front of your man as he goes by. Since he is now guarding the player with the ball, you drop off and take over defending the other player. That is called a switch. Instead of guarding a single man, in a zone defense each of the five defensive players is responsible for an area, or zone on the court.

The basic principles in zone defense are make transition quickly. Sprint back to the canter lie with vision, turn and run backwards. On a fast break situation, sprint to cover the hole, stop and cover the ball and cover the power zone. Prevent all penetrations, which includes passing and dribbling, inside the power zone. You must pressure the ball within shooting range. Communication is the key, communicate with teammates about cutters, and opponent positioning. Know who and where the good outside shooters are, the good inside players are, and take away individual strengths. In zone defenses play in the passing lanes so that you are able to anticipate passes and cause turnovers for the opposing team. One important thing when in a zone defense is to make yourself big, this is accomplished by having your hands up and standing tall.

You must jump to the ball on every pass, and challenge the shooter by at least getting a hand out on the shot. The rebounding rules are; block out the shooter, form the defensive triangle, and block deep. The most common half court zone defenses are as follows; 2-1-2, 2-3, and a 1-3-1 zone. 2-2-1 zone press is used most often in a full court press situation. These zone defenses can only be effective when teams execute them properly. Zone defenses work best when your opponents are faster, or taller. Other advantages to using zone defenses are you want to keep the offense from getting inside, or maybe your team just needs a little rest.

The idea of defense is to keep the other team from scoring, not just youre opponent. Work together and help each other, an opponents score goes up on all of us. Things to keep in mind when playing defense is get up on the balls, or front part of your feet. Be alert with your knees bent and hands ready one hand down near the ball and the other up. Focus on the offensive players waist remember to never cross your legs when sliding side to side, and keep your feet from touching and never stand straight up. Bibliography Basketball, Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia.

1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved .http://www.mrbasketball.net/instuff/Ifundnotes.ht ml http://www.nba.com http://hem.passagen.se/lerob/ http://www.service.com/PAW/morgue/sports/1996 Mar 6.PALYBOYS.html Vancil, Mark, NBA Basketball Basic, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. New York, N.Y. 1995 http://www.ysn.com/instruction/basketball/players/ defense/.