Hamlet

Hamlet Gertrude is the beloved wife and mother in the play, Hamlet. Many say that she is responsible for Hamlet’s agony in not being able to proceed with his revenge, and Claudius’ hesitation to guard himself through the destruction of Hamlet. She is the woman who was “my virtue or my plague, be it either which,” for both of her loves, and is herself a very ordinary person. Seemingly beautiful and warm-hearted, she has no mind of her own, and is vulnerable because she tends to be pulled by whatever force is the most powerfully aimed at her at any moment. Because of her character and personality, she turns to the “sunny side of life” and hates facing pain or any type of conflict. Also, the fact that Claudius carefully hid his crime of killing her husband from her shows her lack of criminal daring and his concern for her peace of mind.

When things worked out so that she was able to marry her lover, however, she was happy and only wanted all the difficulties of the past to be forgotten. Hamlet’s refusal to forget the death of his father or to forgive her of incestuously remarrying Claudius are the only things that stop Gertrude from being perfectly happy; they remind her of the continuing difficulties of the position she is in, which, because of her incredible naivet, she had hoped would end by changing the ordinarily accepted form of marriage. If she could only get Hamlet to accept her new husband as his new father, she could completely put away the past and start thinking about the present comfortably. She therefore begs him to remain at Elsinore so that this reconciliation can take place (“I pray thee, stay with us. Go not to Wittenberg.” Act 1, scene 2, line 123).

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But as she watches her wonderful son only become more and more mentally deranged as the months pass by, and sees his offending behaviour beginning to disturb even the patience of Claudius, her happiness starts to wither. She hopes that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern will be able to bring him out of his depression (“..And I beseech you instantly to visit / My too much changed son.” Act 2, scene 2, lines 37-38). Then she wonders of the possibility that Hamlet’s “madness” might actually be a result of his love for Ophelia rather than her own behaviour and hopes that Ophelia will be able to cure him (“..And for your part, Ophelia, I do wish / That your good beauties be the happy cause / Of Hamlet’s wildness. So shall I hope your virtues / Will bring him to his wonted way again..” Act 3, scene 1, lines 42-45). Her spirits rise for a moment when she sees Hamlet’s excited involvement with the play and his attentions to Ophelia, but then they immediately drop as Claudius rises from the performance in anguish.

Finally she is pushed by Polonius to do the one thing that she has avoided for all these months: to meet Hamlet privately, discuss his behaviour, and try to understand its source. Probably the only reason that she gives in to this idea is because she sees it as the last resort to “curing” Hamlet. Hamlet’s immediate charge towards her, “Mother, you have my father much offended,” (Act 3, scene 4, line 13) confirms her worst fear the she is responsible for Hamlet’s state of mind, and she tries to put a quick end to their talk, rather than having to face Hamlet “condemning” her. But she is so shocked that she gives in to Hamlet’s violent rage and ends up releasing onto Polonius, who is hidden behind the arras, who Hamlet then kills. Hamlet’s continues to insult her, and she first answers as if her conscience is innocent: “What have I done that thou dar’st wag thy tongue / In noise so rude against me?” (Act 3, scene 4, lines 47-48).

She avoids criticising herself so completely, that she actually believes she has nothing to answer for, except for the effect her hasty remarriage has had on her son. But as Hamlet continues to draw her attention to the antipathy of her remarriage, she gradually comes under his spell and begins to feel guilty for the way she has acted. Even though the appearance of the ghost, which she cannot see, convinces her that Hamlet is mad and that his verbal abuse towards her was the result of increased melancholy, she cannot forget the feeling of guilt he had given her. When Ophelia goes mad, Gertrude wants to avoid the painful sight of her as much as she had earlier wanted to avoid looking into her own soul. This is especially shown since Gertrude sees Ophelia’s mental breakdown as proof of the impending evil caused by her own insensible behaviour, and this sequence of evil effects seems to be, to her guilty conscience, foreboding a catastrophe (“To my sick soul (as sin’s true nature is), / Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss.

/ So full of artless jealousy is guilt, / It spills itself in fearing to be spilt.” Act 4, scene 5, lines 22-25). Later on, even though she grieves Ophelia’s death, she tries to explain it to herself and to Laertes in the least harmful way. But her sadness at Ophelia’s funeral is emphasised by the madness Hamlet displays there in his unexpected return. When Hamlet shows up at the fencing match in such a sensible state of mind, she is delighted. Not only does Laertes appear to accept Hamlet’s offer of love (“..I do receive your offered love like love / and will not wrong it.” Act 5, scene 2, lines 266-267), but Hamlet’s own willingness to go as Claudius’ fighter seems to assure her that their relationship will work out for the better, too. In her opinion, if Laertes and Hamlet were at peace with each other, and if Hamlet and Claudius were also at peace with each other, then all the pain she was feeling because of her guilt and Ophelia’s death would be forgotten, and she might still be as happy as she would if Hamlet had married Ophelia.

As she is hopeful for future happiness, yet blind to what is happening in the present, her son’s good, gentlemanly behaviour and excellence in fencing make her so happy that she really gets into the event, so that she wipes her dear son’s brow and finally insists upon toasting his victory. Against Claudius’ objection, she drinks to her son to show him how happy he has made her. Because she has avoided the thought of all things painful in hope of finally becoming perfectly happy, the result is that this “flaw” lead to her downfall. Only as she feels the poison coming over her, and hears her husband lie about her condition to save himself, does she truly face reality. And only then does she begin to understand Hamlet’s objections to Claudius and recognise that, while Claudius has poisoned her body, he has in turn poisoned her whole life also.

Trying too late to protect her “dear Hamlet,” she dies as an unfortunate victim of an idealistic and deceived hope for happiness.

Hamlet

Hamlet Hamlet In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare Two of the character’s fathers are brutishly murdered. The first murdered character is King Hamlet who is supposed to be revenge by his son prince Hamlet. The second murder is Polonius who is supposed to be revenged by his son Laertes. Both Prince Hamlet and Laertes go to seek revenge for the death of fathers, however they will each use different methods to accomplish their deeds. Prince Hamlet has a meeting with the dead ghost of his father King Hamlet.

King Hamlet’s ghost reveals to his son, his murder by his brother Claudius. Hamlet is informed by his father that he needs to be avenged by the death of his brother Claudius. By this time Claudius has already ascended the throne, and married Hamlet’s mother Queen Gertrude. Hamlet decides to take a passive approach to avenge his father. Hamlet first decides to act abnormal which does not accomplish much besides warning his uncle that he might know he killed his father.

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Later in the play a troop of actors come to act out a play, and Hamlet has them reenact the murder of is father in front of his uncle Claudius. The actors murder scene also make Hamlet question himself about the fact that he has done nothing yet to avenge his father. Hamlet says But am I Pigeon-livered and lack gall / To make oppression bitter, or ere this / I should ha’ fatted all the region kites / With this slave’s offal. Bloody, bawdy villain! ( Act II scene 2 page 84 line 577- 580 ). During the play Hamlet watches is uncle Claudius to see his reaction when the actors perform the murder scene. Hamlet plan works his uncle throws a fit and runs out the room, where Hamlet goes after him.

When Hamlet catches up to his uncle his uncle is kneeling down praying, and Hamlet pulls out his sword and gets ready to kill him. But all the sudden Hamlet changes his mind because if he kills his uncle while he’s praying he will go to heaven, and Hamlet wants him to go to hell. So hamlet postpones the execution of his uncle. The next confrontation does not happen till the end of the book when Hamlet escapes from his uncle’s ill murder attempt on his life. Hamlet later sword fences with Laertes.

All the sudden Hamlet’s mother Queen Gertrude drinks a poison glass intended for Hamlet. When Hamlet is not looking Laertes stabs him with a poison sword then Hamlet takes hold of the poisoned sword, and stabs Laertes with it. As this happens Queen Gertrude dies from the poison drink. As Laertes lays down dying he reveals to Hamlet that his uncle King Claudius was behind it all, the poisoned sword and drink that has just killed his mother. Hamlet then in a fit of rage runs his uncle through with the poison sword.

Hamlet has now finally revenged his father through much time then after his task is completed he finally collapses from the poison on the sword. Polonius is murdered by Hamlet when Polonius his discovered listening to Hamlet, and his mother’s Queen Gertrude conversation . Hamlet unknowing of who the person behind the tapestry is, kills Polonius from where he was spying. When news of his fathers death reaches Polonius’s son Laertes, he comes back with an entourage to seek revenge for his fathers death. In this conversation Laertes believes Hamlets uncle King Claudius is responsible for his fathers death.

How came he dead? I’ll not be juggled with. / To hell, allegiance! Vows, to the blackest devil! / Conscience and grace, to the profoundest pit! / I dare damnation. To this point I stand, / That both the worlds I give to negligence, / Let come what comes, only I’ll be revenged / Most thoroughly for my father. ( Act IV scene 5 page 134 line 133-139 ) Laertes takes a more aggressive stand point than Hamlet Laertes is ready to kill the king right away thinking that he murdered his father. But king Claudius tells Laertes that Hamlet is the one who killed his father.

King Claudius also finds out that Hamlet has escape the trap that he setup to get him murdered. So King Claudius sets up another plan with Laertes. This plan calls for Hamlet and Laertes to have a mock sword fight, but Laertes will be using a real poisoned sword. Laertes agrees with this, ready to claim Hamlets life for his father’s vile murder. When the sword fight begins Hamlet is winning, but Laertes gets frustrated and stabs Hamlet when he is not looking with the poisoned sword. After Laertes stabs Hamlet, Hamlet then turns around and manages to take the sword from Laertes and stabs Laertes with it.

Although Laertes dies first he accomplishes his purpose because Hamlet will die shortly from the poison on the sword. In this play Hamlet by William Shakespeare these two characters Hamlet and Laertes both seek to revenged their slayed fathers. Hamlet with is passive and scheming approach manages to kill his father’s murder his uncle Claudius. Laertes with his direct, and forceful dedication slays his fathers killer Prince Hamlet. Altough Laertes took a much more direct approach than Hamlet wasting no time, they both however accomplished their goal but at the ultimate price of both their lives! Creative Writing.