.. e differential Summary/Conclusion Pattern Three Extended Definition Introduction (includes thesis and map, logical definition) Supporting details Supporting details Supporting details Summary/Conclusion Questions asked 1. What does it mean? 2. What is its genus? 3. What is its species? 4.
What is its etymology? Key words define , strictly speaking, interpretation, explain, particulars, literal, specify, in other words, synonym, limit, denotation, paraphrase, clarify, meaning, explanatory Methods of defining 1. Logical definition (put the word to be defined into a class and then differentiate it from other members of the same class) Term Class Differentiation Flextime work schedule employees choose own hours 2. Synonym (substitute a word or phrase for an equivalent word or phrase) A jock is an athlete. 3. Etymology (trace the origin and historical development of the word, including and change in its form or meaning) What does the word lucid mean? This word comes from the Latin word lux, lucis, which means light.
If you shed light on an idea, it is made clear. 4. Dictionary definitions 5. Stipulation (using a definition different from the conventional one, or a definition that makes clear that it will explore a particular area of meaning of a term) “When I use a word,” Humpty Dumpty said scornfully, “it means just what I choose it to mean, neither more nor less.” We do not have that luxury. 6.
Negation (what a word is not). In discussing euthanasia, a writer might say, “By euthanasia I do not mean active intervention to hasten the death of the patient.” 7. Examples (both real and hypothetical ones may be used to bring to light abstract and ambiguous terms) Insanity is a word that has been used and misused to describe a variety of conditions. 8. Extended definition (referring not to length but to the variety of methods for developing the definition.) Materialism may be best described by using a longer more detailed definition.
Sample Paragraph Paradigm Description Definition a way of picturing images verbally in writing and of arranging these images in some kind of logical or associational pattern Characteristics Pattern One Introduction (including theses) Descriptive feature 1 (plus supporting details) Descriptive feature 2 (plus supporting details) Descriptive feature 3 (plus supporting details) Summary (including clincher sentence) Pattern Two Introduction (including thesis) Cluster of descriptive details Cluster of descriptive details Cluster of descriptive details Summary (including clincher sentence) Questions asked 1. What are its constituent parts? 2. What are its features or physical characteristics? 3. How is it organized in space? Key words Shape/size – great, little, large, small, solid, leaf-shaped, rectangle, stalk-shaped, full, tall, round, shallow, fat, bunches, squat, blocks, pyramid, parallel Color – brown, red, yellow, green, purple, gold, silver, orange, peppered, dark cherry, chocolate. Texture – creased, sprigs, stripped, frill, peeled, grated, crust, glass, cut Sight – spiral, star-shaped, tubular Taste – sweet, salty, sour, bitter, corrosive, rough, smooth, soft, crisp, cool and warm Smell – pungent, tart, sour, rancid, musky, floral Sound – shrill, piecing, screech, moan, groan Spatial order Vertical (bottom to top, top to bottom) Horizontal (left to right, right to left) Depth (inside, outside) Circular (clockwise, counterclockwise) Sample Paragraph English 111-01 looks like any ordinary classroom. This room is always quite all the time.
With eight rows on two sides of the room it can pretty full of people at times. Today there are only sixteen people in class. Guess a person could say not everyone came to class today. The first day of class everyone was here. Now, tow days later, only half the class is in attendance.
With only half the people here, it lets a person have a chance to look around the room a little to see what is in here. There is of course a chalkboard in the front of the class along with two bulletin boards, one on each side. Also there is a podium in the front facing the sixteen tables. The class is quite boring in looks. Not much to it, but it is only a classroom. It will be a fun class though, that is why it is English 111-01. I like our teacher as well.
Dr. Hayes talks about his grandkids all the time. This shows the class that he is a caring person and a very lovable, a great quality to have for a teacher. Most often people do not find good quality teachers such as Dr. Hayes, or as others prefer, Richard. Yes, this class will be a wondrous adventure.
Paradigm Process Definition a series of actions, changes, functions, steps, or operations that bring about a particular end or result. Characteristics Pattern One Introduction Step 1 (or phase 1) Step 2 (or phase 2) Step 3 (or phase 3) Summary Questions asked 1. How did it happen? 2. How does it work? 3. How do you make it or do it? 4.
What are its stages or phases? Key words phase, occurrence, step, change, alteration, mutation, state, condition, conversion, displacement, transformation, fluctuation, inconstancy, inversion, permutation, modulation, qualification, metamorphosis Sample paragraph The process of changing your bedspread is a very important part of one’s life. Why would someone want to sleep in dirty sheets? They would not so there for this is how a person can change and wash their sheets. Step one, strip the bed clean of all sheets. Step two, bring the sheets to the washing machine for cleansing. After the sheets are fully washed, displace them and place them into the dryer.
This step is vital to the process. A person cannot go through this whole transformation without completing the dryer stage. Phase three of this process requires a person to take the sheets out of the dryer and put them back onto the bed neatly and nicely. The only way this series will be complete is if the sheets are then put back onto the bed. After the third phase is completed the transformation of dirty to clean sheets is complete.
Congratulations! Paradigm Enumeration Definition is concerned with the sequential arrangement of successive things: a group of objects, events, or ideas, generally following each other in the order of time in which they occur. Characteristics Pattern One Introduction First (the first one) Second (the second two) Third (the third three) Summary Questions asked What is the logical order? What is the exact number? Key words number, order, series, succession, progression, string, chain, set, sequel, sequence, list, item, catalog, tally, analyses, to count, to catalog, to number, to enumerate, to itemize Sample Paragraph The process of changing your bedspread is a very important part of one’s life. Why would someone want to sleep in dirty sheets? They would not so there for this is how a person can change and wash their sheets. Step one, strip the bed clean of all sheets. Step two, bring the sheets to the washing machine for cleansing.
After the sheets are fully washed, displace them and place them into the dryer. This step is vital to the process. A person cannot go through this whole transformation without completing the dryer stage. Phase three of this process requires a person to take the sheets out of the dryer and put them back onto the bed neatly and nicely. The only way this series will be complete is if the sheets are then put back onto the bed.
After the third phase is completed the transformation of dirty to clean sheets is complete. Congratulations! Music.