Sleep Apnea Informative Speech Title: Snoring is No Laughing Matter Topic: Sleep Apnea Disorder Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the seriousness of sleep apnea and how you can recognize it as well as treat it. Thesis Statement: Sleep Apnea, of all sleeping disorders, is the most likely to cause death, but it can be treated if the symptoms are recognized. INTRODUCTION Attention material: (With snoring sounds in background) Does this sound familiar? Do these sounds keep you up all night? Are you a snorer? If so, you are not alone. A National Family Opinion Poll revealed that 90 million people snore – 37 million on a regular basis (CNS). Yes, it can quite a nuisance, but it can also be the result of a very serious condition. Credibility material: My dad used to wake my family up and keep us up all night with his snoring. It just seemed to get louder and louder. Very annoying, because I, and Im sure many of you, need my sleep.
The gasps for air between what sounded like growls from a grisly began to worry my mother. After seeing a specialist, my father was diagnosed with a severe case of sleep apnea. Thesis statement: Sleep apnea is the most likely of all sleeping disorders to cause death, but it can be treated if the symptoms are recognized (Greenberg). (Transition: Sleep apnea affects 12 million Americans of various age, gender, and ethnicity. (ASAA)) BODY The word apnea is the Greek word for without air. When someone snores, there is a partial collapse of the air passage in the throat.
But, in sufferers of sleep apnea, there is a complete obstruction to airflow. The word apnea is the actual absence of airflow. It can last from 10 seconds to 2 minutes. One will usually have 300-500 apneas a night (CNS). Despite the airflow blockage, the person still tries to breath, but no air passes through.
This results in an arousal, or brief awakening, which is usually accompanied by a loud snore. The arousal opens the airway, and the person breaths rapidly for a short time. Then, they have another apnea. This is a continuous cycle. Alcohol and sleeping medicines can impair ones ability to have an arousal and may not wake up during the apnea.
This is how one may die from this condition because the lack of air can lead to hypoxia, or lack of oxygen getting to the brain (Krames). (Transition: Sleep apnea can also affect other areas of life.) Sufferers never are able to reach deep sleep. Sleep apnea results in restless sleepers. The condition also causes daytime sleepiness, memory lapses, and irritability. The disturbances in sleep also throw off the bodys metabolism and can cause obesity. The most common sufferers are middle-aged overweight males (CNS).
(Transition: Since this is a progressive and life-altering disease, it is important to recognize the symptoms so they can be treated.) Sleep apnea can be treated by prosthetic devices and surgery. The most commonly used prosthetic device is the CPAP (Krames). The CPAP, or nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, is made up of an airflow generator, flexible hose, and nasal mask. It gently blows air into the throat to keep the air passage open. It is effective on almost all patients, but it is not a cure.
Surgery can also be used to treat sleep apnea. This usually involves relieving the nasal passage of any obstructions. Sometimes, ones soft palate, uvula, or pharynx are reduced or removed. (Transition: Therefore, once aware of the condition, the necessary steps should be taken to treat it.) CONCLUSION Summary statement: In conclusion, if you or someone you know snores, dont drown out the noise by burying your head in the pillows. Instead, listen for the symptoms of this scary condition and maybe you can save the life of someone you care about. Concluding remarks: To find out more information about sleep apnea, seek advice from your doctor or a ear/nose/throat specialist.
Bibliography WORKS CONSULTED American Sleep Apnea Association, Information About Sleep Apnea, http:/www.sleepapnea.org. Undated posting. Downloaded November 2, 2000. Greenberg, Joel. The Aging of Sleep, Science News. 1 July 1978: 10-12. CNS Inc., Snoring: Causes and Treatments. Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1996.
Krames Communications. Snoring and Sleep Apnea. San Bruno, CA, 1995. Speech and Communications.