.. like Tess is out of place. Glittery, but dusty also describes Tess. Flintcome-Ash is contrasted to the dairy, the landscapes are a reflection of Tesss position society. Marlet is a sheltered existence that is protected and symbolic of Tesss protection compared to when she moves into the more threatened and dangerous world.
As this happens Tess starts to decline. Find an example from both demonstrating the landscape. Juxtaposition of places from chapter to chapter. Each time Tess returns to Marlet she is increasingly alienated and Marlet is becoming more and more industrialized. This is a good record of Tesss demise, make a diary of her returns to Marlet. N.B. The timing of her return is not entirely coherent with the rest of the novel, what affect does this have? Symbolism One of the most poignant episodes in the novel that demonstrates Hardys use of symbolism to communicate complex ideas and issues is the rape of Tess.
If you were not paying attention to the symbols one would almost completely overlooked Tesss rape as simply another injection of thought by Hardy. However to examine the passage of Tesss rape several images are presented, Tess being raped by evil powers Darkness and silence ruled everywhere around. The double meanings in such descriptions of the rabbits and hares that stole. The sharp visual image of the white being invaded by the black, blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive This tarnishment is represented by pure symbolism and Alex represents the aristocracy of the time. Characters are not three-dimensional but rather they are symbolic.
Stereotypical and functional rather than believable. They are vehicles through which Hardy accesses the higher order of social issues. The serve Hardys purpose as vehicles of to convey greater concerns and periodical and universal concerns. Structure The structure of Tess of the DUrbervilles was at the time largely affected by how the book was released. The serialization had the effect; – – Of a slow establishment of the setting – Rising action – Climax (perhaps when that edition ended ) – Slight resolution then rising action The novel is event dominated, littered with episodes.
The publication to a large degree dictated the complicated, long and converlueted story line. The title of Tess and the division into phases Each phase is structured internally, as though each is its miniature story, with rising action climax and denouement. Each chapter is started by an important incident or sometimes by several at once. Individual phases are marked with specific title and hence following story line, individual as well as holistic images. This is because each phase marks the beginning of a different facet in Tesss life and hence her view of herself and her destiny alters.
– Final chapter as evidence of Hardys complete control of the structure In the final chapter Hardy does not allow any notion from the characters it is as though Tesss death has meant the value of others is too lost. Tesss sister Liza-Lu is merely a spiritualized image of Tess,but with the same beautiful eyes. Throughout the novel Hardy interjects but the ending that is so obviously under Hardys complete control, he doesnt even bother to try to disguise his thoughts as someone elses is significant and appropriate to the novel as a whole. It demonstrates that all long he was merely using the characters as a means to communicate his ideals and issues, though perhaps along the way he feel in love with the imaginary figure of Tess he created. – There are no sub-plots Strangely there are no sub-plots that interweave, contrast or parallel the story of Tess.
This shows that only Tesss story is important. Hardy has explored not only Tess but also the whole of womankind thoroughly, emotionally and intellectually. This is why only significant sections of her life are examined in a somewhat epic form. Through this singular plot Hardy explores and challenges two traditional themes that faced women 1.) the stain that unchaste can lead to and never be erased and 2.) the pious possibility of purifying redemption. Fate acts as a recurring motif providing structure The artistic motif of fate that appears under a veil of many forms, these are chance, coincidence, time, women and conventions. All make up the evidence of the inborn inclination, or Immanent Will.
Fate appears in the form of nature, the environment is transmuted by the moods that effect peoples lives. Coherence and real life timing in regard to the length of phases The different phases focus audience attention and concentrates on the key elements of Tesss life. The in between is lightly sketched if at all giving the individual phases their unique shape in regards to their impact on Tesss life. In each there are periods of greater and less tension, incident and reflection. For example Point of View Point of view is the position or the vantage -point from which the events of a story seem to be observed and presented to us.
These are such distinctions such as third and first person narratives. – Third person narrative can be omniscient and unrestricted, above the plot. Other kinds of third person are those confined to our knowledge of the events these are known as limited third person. – First person narrative will usually be restricted to their personal and partial knowledge and experience. Multiple point of views allow events to be shown from the position of two or more characters or perspectives.
Hardy adopts this multiple point of view, at times providing only the basic insights into the story line, revealing little. At other points of the novel he chooses to become the omniscient narrator interjecting with philosophical or religious ideals. For example in The Maiden we are introduced to Tess; she is noticeable but not exceptional because of her quite, unobtrusive nature. Angel sees her with the fainst aspect of reproach that he had not chosen her. He, too, was sorry then that, owing to her backwardness, he had not observed her This innocence and girlish coyness is stripped from her as An immeasurable social chasm was to divide from that previous self of hers who stepped from her mothers door to try her fortune at Trantrigde-poultry farm.
When Tess set of she left with her mothers heart full of hope and pride, as at one who was about to great things .. honest beauty flanked by innocence, and backed by simple vanity. Thomas Hardy uses the narrative technique of initially adopting an limited third person where the narrator confines his knowledge to the events that are taking place. This is evident when we do not know, or are not told so are hence left to presume that the fine and handsome girl not handsomer than some otherswore a red ribbonthe only one who could boast of such a pronounced adornment is Tess. Neither are we told that the three young men of a superior clad are Angel and his brothers.
Hardy does this to create suspense and allow the plot to develop at a steady pace. Possibly a technique developed because of serialization. Different stand points of narration: – Hardy sometimes appears to be merely retelling a familiar story of a recent village affair. To do this he adopts a first person narrative through characters eyes such as Mrs. Brookes and the caretaker. By doing this our perception changes, some details are sketchy and we are seeing the events of Tess as how an outsider would view them. They provide an unbiased description of what is happening.
– Through main characters eyes such as Tess or Angel we tend an inside view into feelings and the treatment of especially women through Tess. Hardy tend to intrude into Tesss thoughts often , feeling the need to clarify or justify Tesss actions, the audience tends to get the impression that at times Hardy is purposely distorting the scene to make a propaganda point. – As a simple narrator, Hardy sometimes attains an attached stance, separate from thought and action. This is mainly reserved for some rising action, the basic conveying of plot. – Hardys intrusion when communicating philosophical or religious ideas.
Or wanting to clarify or justify Tesss actions. Hardy intrudes into Tesss thoughts on page158, bluntly overtaking her thoughts and transforming them into his own. And probably the half-unconscious rhapsody was a Fetichistic utterance in a Monotheistic setting .The language and the thoughts are completely dissimilar to what Tess would have thought, rather it is Hardy wishing to convey his opinion about natural women, religion and justifying Tesss actions. English Essays.