The Heart And Its Diseases

.. rican Medical Association. The first disease that is fairly common is the congenital heart disease. One person in every 140 is born with a congenital heart defect (Clayman 88). This term congenital means, “present from birth.” This disease of the heart forms during the fetal stage. They are considered to be anatomical abnormalities of the heart during the stage in which the heart is developing.

There are two divisions of this disease. There is the type in which too much blood passes from the heart to the lungs, and not enough to the body. The other is not enough blood passes to the lungs, causing the blood that is pumped to the body to contain extremely low amounts of oxygen. The heart is formed in the early weeks of pregnancy, which often women are not aware that they are pregnant. If a pregnant woman contracts a viral infection at this time, it can lead to this disease in the unborn child.

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Poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy is another contributing factor to this disease. There is also an increase of this disease in twins. In most cases, there is no cause to be found though. So it is not necessarily the parent’s fault. This disease is not a hereditary disease.

In fact, this disease is rarely found more than once in the same family. If a newborn, or small child with symptoms of this disease is not treated promptly, it will prove to be a fatal disease without question. Surgery could be an option. This disease can be treated effectively, and monitored by a cardiologist. The next disease of the heart is called the coronary heart disease (Cheitlin 156).

This term is used to describe different disorders of the heart muscle that are caused by restriction or blockage of its blood supply. This disease is the result of narrowing of the coronary arteries. Angina is a pain, which is a symptom of this disease. The pain is caused by exercise. It usually consists of a pressure discomfort behind the sternum.

Angina is brought on by the overexertion of the body. The most common of all coronary diseases is the term heart attack. This is potentially very serious. It causes many deaths. It can easily be summarized by saying that a heart attack is the formation of a blood clot on top of a plaque in an artery, causing the blood supply to be cut off to a part of the heart.

It occurs when this area is so deprived of blood, it cannot function. This is called a myocardial infarction in medical terms. Heart attacks tend to occur with little or no warning at all. In some cases, patients who have had heart attacks have claimed to have a wave of fatigue rush over them before the heart attack. The rate of survival of heart attack victims is climbing. In 1989, according to the American Medical Association, only 8 to 15 percent of heart attack victims, who got to the hospital, died within three weeks. There is treatment for this. An enzyme called streptokinase is put into the coronary by way of a catheter, and over 80 percent of cases with blocked arteries were opened again. Heart valve disorders are commonly diagnosed as the failure of the valves to open or close properly.

These disorders fall into two groups. The first disorder is when a valve fails to open correctly. This obstructs the forward flow of the blood, and is called stenosis. The second is when the valves fail to close properly. This causes a leakage of blood. These valves are referred to as incompetent.

The aortic and mitral valves are more commonly affected by this valve disorder. Aortic stenosis is the most common heart valve disorder in the United States. It affects men more often than women. Aortic insufficiency is less common valve disorder. Heart muscle disease is when the pericardium is affected.

This disease is referred to as cardiomyopathy and myocarditis. In some cases the heart may be affected by a tumor. The primary disorder affecting the pericardium is an inflammatory condition called pericarditis. Viruses, bacteria, autoimmune disorders, and heart attacks can cause pericarditis. In this case, a heart transplant might be the answer. Heart rate and rhythm disorders are another type of disease affecting the heart.

A healthy heart beats regularly at a rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute during rest. It is normal for this rate to speed up during exercise or stress. Arrhythmias have two classified groups. The first group is tachycardias, in which the heart rate is faster than 100 beats per minute during rest. The bradycardias is when the heart rate falls below 60 beats per minute during rest.

Both are equally dangerous. The most common cause of an arrhythmia is coronary heart disease. Treatment of an arrhythmia can consist of prescription drugs, or insertion of a pacemaker. Heart failure seems like it would mean that the heart stopped beating. This idea is wrong.

Heart failure consists of the heart not keeping up with the task of pumping blood to the lungs and body tissues. This condition is often serious. The person who has had heart failure is in great danger of dying. Heart failure affects one in every one hundred people. The causes of heart failure are coronary heart disease, and the continued strain on the heart from high blood pressure.

It can also occur when a normal heart is called upon to beat fast or hard all of the time. This case sometimes occurs when someone has the condition of thyroid overactivity. There are prescription drugs to help treat this, and also diuretics are another option. In certain circumstances, mechanical aids are also available. The heart is a necessity for existence. Without it functioning properly, the risks of these diseases overcoming you are great. If you eat properly, exercise regularly, and practice good health habits, the chances of you getting these diseases are dramatically reduced.

So, take care of your heart. You need it to survive. Medicine Essays.