The Internet

The Internet Abstract The Internet is a source of more information then most of us know. In this report I highlight some of my favorite things. Also, I highlight some of the things that we as users and buyers need to be cautious of before using. What is the Internet? What comes to a your mind when they think of the Internet? Well, I will tell you what used to come to my mind. When I thought of the Internet, I thought of x-rated Web pages and chat rooms. I envisioned a medium that was so full of disgusting and perverted pictures that parents needed a “cybersitter” to make sure that their children did not get into the Web pages that they were not supposed to.

I thought this was the way it was because that is what I had heard about, but I’m a experimental type person and decided to investigate for myself what was really on the Internet. What I found surprised me greatly, for although there are a lot of things that a person would not want their children to see or read, a person has to intentionally search out these things to find them. When you compare the wealth of information you can retrieve off the Internet, it is worth the effort that it takes to make it where children can work on the computer without fear of them being exposed t! o something they should not. One way to make it safer for your children and teens is done when you origianly sign up with your Internet provider. What you do is turn on teen access only, or children acess only, but since nothing is foolproof, keep the computer in a open spot where the you can always see what is going on, for supervision is always the best solution.

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What does the Internet do? That is a concise question with a broad answer. The facts show that the Internet does nothing. We travel through it to get to our destination ,but we do not use it as itself. It is a tool in our human communications capability. In my research the article compared the Internet to the telephone system, and said that it was similar to our Interstate highway System.

The Internet extends the reach of people so that ideas and services can be exchanged, but this does not happen by itself. The Internet is actually a global network of networks. Millions of computers are able to share information with each other using the telephone lines. In fact, the Internet links at least 3 million computers at any one time, and that does not count the people logging on just to surf the net. It only counts the institutions providing some type of Internet service, or information sharing programs. How did the Internet begin? I thought this was interesting.

The Internet began like most things in our society, that is to say that it was started by the government. The Internet started out as a experimental military network in the 60’s. It then expanded to other governmental agencies and then to higher education. Now the Internet is well known all over the world, for just about anywhere you go, people know what the Internet is. Not everyone knows what to do with the Internet, but most know what it is. Now, unlike a few years ago, the Internet is accessible to just about anyone with a computer. The individual needs only a modem, but they also needs internet access to be connected.

At this point it would be good to distinguish between Internet providers and commercial services providing Internet access. As I mentioned before the Internet started with the government and spread to education. These two groups comprised the bulk of the Internet until the late 1980’s when companies began linking to the Internet. So a University or Government agency that provides internet access to their students and employees are providing what is considered full Internet access. They do not pay for their Internet access it is part of their studies and employment.

On the other hand, the average Joe can get hooked online through a commercial service such as America online, prodigy, and other large communications company such as AT and GTE. These companies provide Internet access that is much mo! re user friendly, and was designed with the consumer in mind. One thing I forgot to mention, is that before you can be connected to an online service you need a computer equipped with a fax modem. If you plan to surf the Web a lot the fax modem should be at least 28.8 model; however, the 33.6 fax modem would be an even better choice. The older 14.4 fax modems are ok, but they are incredibly slow.

Using my own computer as a basis of my experience I can truly say that the more megabytes of memory that you have, the better off you are. I started out with 16 megabytes, but have recently upgraded to 32 megabytes, and my computer now moves two to three times quicker when downloading information from the Internet. So what is it that makes the Internet so interesting? I will give you and example. My husband came into the room jumping up and down because he needed to do a essay for his English class about serial killers. He wondered where he could find the information that he needed about serial killers. He went into AOL’s net find, and boom, he hit on a Web site from a college in Tennessee full of information about serial killers.

It could not have been easer. I myself asked for information about the Internet, and after a little bit of searching I found a plethora of information. A person has to be time conscious on the Internet, because you can get lost. Before you know it you may have spent 3 hours doing something that should have taken only an hour. This is ok if you have the time to do it, but most of us don’t.

A few words of caution that I would like to mention is that when visiting cyberspace you have to be alert to all the risks involved. During our cyberspace visits we may encounter con artists and other unscrupulous people. Everyday my e-mail is full of junk mail just like my snail mail is. (snail mail is mail sent by the U.S. postal service) I received e-mail from a person who was posing as a member of my online service’s billing department, and sent me a message asking for my address, credit-card number, and confidential account password.

They say never give your information out over the telephone, and I do believe that this should hold true on the Internet as well. For now we must assume that any information that is send through the Internet can be read by strangers. We also have to be cautious because it is also possible to corrupt your computer files with a virus picked up from a file that you download. I have been warned recently to even watch my e-mail, because pe! ople have been passing viruses that way. It would be wise for anyone using the Internet to have really good antivirus software.

I use Mcfee which is 90% foolproof, and I have had good success so far with it. While using the Internet to do my research, I came across another great use of the Internet. This is a big boon for law enforcement. There is a FBI Web page listing the top ten most wanted fugitives. For example, Leslie Isben Rogge was a fugitive who escaped federal custody in Idaho in 1985.

He bribed a guard and escaped. He continued to evade capture, despite being spotted in Mexico and the Caribbean. In 1990 he was added to the FBI’s ten most wanted fugitive list. In March of 1996, someone in Guatemala spotted his picture on the FBI’s Web page, and police in that Central American country began their search. Eventually, with nowhere to run where he would not be recognized, Rogge turned himself in to the U.S. embassy .

He is now in Jail. The FBI’s ten most wanted list had been on the Internet for less then a year when Rogge was arrested. The Web can make information on law enforcement available and accessible to a worldwide audience. TV shows can reach many people,! but Rogge’s capture has alerted the FBI about how the Internet can reach people overseas. We need all the help we can get. I want to focus on e-mail for instants.

Even though I do get aggravated by all the constant junk mail I receive, and I’m sure others do too, E-mail is still the most widely used part of the Internet. I came across some surveys in my research which noted that 35 million people used e-mail last year, compared to only 9 million people who browsed the Web. The survey predicts that this year Web users will jump to 23 million people. That’s nothing when compared to the 60 million people who will be sending and receiving e-mail during the same time period. The report also noted that by the turn of the century 152 million people will be using the Web, but e-mail still will maintain its lead with 200 million users hitting their Send buttons. One other pretty cool thing that I enjoy using is AOL’s chat rooms.

I really don’t have that much time to mess with it, but when I do it’s really neat to sit and talk to people about any thing from parenting to sewing. It can be a lot of fun. Though the Internet we have a wide range of services which include news and weather reports, shopping, games and electronic versions of many magazines and newspapers. There is also a good deal of other internet services that you can access such as child services which provide educational materials, games, and discussion groups just for kids. There are many discussion groups with topics ranging from cooking to computer programming. There are all kinds of news sites that contain up to date business news, and current stock exchange price. Services like airline reservations, home shopping are abundant.

Reference listings contain online encyclopedias. The Internet makes doing reseach for reports much easier, and in our household being connected online is almost a necessity. References Teacher TLM (9/23/95) What is the Internet? TutorTCPIP AAC Staff (6/15/97) What are some pros and cons of the Internet? TutorTCPIP Consumers Union of U.S. Inc. (6/37/96) Cyberspace: A Beginner’s Guide Consumer Reports Marlene Blanshay (5/27/97) Law Enforcement On the Net NetGuide Robert Seidman (5/27/97) Will E-mail Be the Saviour of the Web? NetGuide.

The Internet

The Internet, or net, is a vast network of computers that connects
many of the world’s businesses, institutions, and individuals. The
Internet is composed of many parts, including the World Wide Web, FTP,
IRC, Newsgroups, Gopher, WAIS, Archie, and of course Electronic Mail
(Email).

The Internet is mainly used for communication. Email is the most
heavily used resource of the Internet- over 40 million email messages
are sent through the Internet a day. The second most used resource,
called the World Wide Web, or WWW, consists of pages of words, images,
sounds, and video.

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The Internet is continuing to grow at 40% a year, with about 20 million
users, mainly in USA, Canada, and Australia, but still many all over the
world. You can do many things on the Internet, such as shop for just
about anything, bank and manage money, watch and listen to live cable
televison and radio broadcasts, talk to other users with voice like a
telephone, conduct international meetings, and access all kinds of
information on any subject imaginable.

As mentioned earlier, the WWW consists of pages and pages of text,
images, sounds, and video. Unlike pages in a book, there is no maximum
size for a page, and there is HyperText Links. If you click on any one
of these links, the computer will automatically go to the page specified
by the link. The WWW is programmed in a computer language called Hyper
Text Markup Language, or HTML.

Searching the Web can be a difficult thing to do, or if you use a
search engine, it can be really easy. Since so many new web pages are
added to the Web a day, a very good index is hard to keep, and an
alphabetical listing of millions of web pages would be almost impossible
to navigate through. To help this problem, people developed search
engines that search the Web for you. Some search engines, like Yahoo,
search in a big web directory they have made of hundreds of thousands of
web pages, that is organized like a phonebook. Other search engines,
like Alta Vista, or Magellan, search in a list of Web pages it has
created as it surfed the web all by it’s self.

People usually access the Internet through a computer using a device
called a modem. Modems connect people to the net through telephone
lines. Some companies, and the “heart” of the Internet, Use Fiber-Optic
cables to connect. Fiber-Optic cabled are made of hair-thin strands of
glass that carry information at the speed of light as pulses of light.

Fiber-Optics are thousands of times faster than standard copper
telephone lines.

The Internet began in the 1960’s. In 1962, the Advanced Research
Projects Agency (ARPA) of the United States Department of Defense
developed a network of computers called ARPAnet. At first, this network
only connected military and government computer systems. The purpose was
to make all information safe, so that in disaster or war, if one
computer was destroyed, it’s information would not be lost.

In 1966, the ARPAnet was expanded to include universities and other
institutions. One of the first universities to be added was Utah State
University. Soon, large companies and corporations were added, too. By
1990, anyone with a computer, a modem, and Internet software could
connect to the Internet.

There are many things in the future of the net, including video
conferencing, online virtual reality worlds, and faster Internet
connections.


Category: Technology